The Ineffective Pain Management Regimes

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A. Ineffective Pain Management Regimes Mackey (2015) has argued that pain is subjective symptom and is derivative of several biochemical, psychological, and socioeconomic factors, and different cultural groups experience and expresses pain differentially. Jibb et el (2015) have noted that causes of pain are numerus and they have potential affect pain management differently. Pain can be a symptom of a disease, or it can result from invasive treatment and diagnostic procedures. The prefrontal cortex has neurophysiological pathways that responds to pain signals, thereby regulating emotions, cognitions, memory, and attention (Barrett & Chang, 2016). Pain is the most common chief complaint among patients with a variety of diseases, and it…show more content…
In some cases, pain management is provided by an interdisciplinary team which may include physician, psychology, physical and occupational therapy, pharmacy, social work, massage therapy, acupuncture, and nurses (Mackey, 2015). In interdisciplinary approach, therefore, psychological and physical therapies are integrated in the pain management regime. Because of the increasing accept¬ability of nonpharmacological pain management therapies, there is a need evaluate their effectiveness (Jibb et el, 2015). Nurses have a unique opportunity to enhance the use of these therapies because of their role in patient care coordination and they are also in direct contact with patients more than other disciplines (Alaloul et el, 2015). B. PICO Table P (patient/problem) A 35-year-old male patient with history of drug abuse who is experiencing severe post-operative pain. I (intervention/indicator) Using music therapy as a non-pharmacological adjunct to pain management. C (comparison) no adjunct therapy to pain management O (outcome) reduced pain to acceptable level B1. PICO Question: For a 35-year-old male patient with history of drug abuse who is experiencing severe post-operative pain, how effective is music therapy as a non-pharmacological adjunct to pain management compared to not using adjunct therapy? C. Describe the search strategy C1. keywords used for the search: music therapy pain management
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