The Inflation Definition And Influences

1646 Words Sep 2nd, 2016 7 Pages
1.1 The inflation definition and influences
Inflation is general defined as the devaluation of the currency with the comprehensive and continued rising price level, which means the purchase of money is persistent declining (James and Charles 1975). And this is generally considered as the result of the amount of money in circulation more than the actual needs of the economy. It will directly leads to the devaluation of paper money. If the income of residents do not change, then the living standard of citizens will dropped, which might result in the social and economic disorder and can negatively impact the development of the economy. However, within a certain period of time, moderate inflation can stimulate consumption, expand domestic demand and promote economic development (Trevithick and Mulvey 1996). For example, sometimes the government borrow money from the central bank to expand financial investment and take measures to ensure that the private sector investment is not reduced, which promote economic growth as a result of the increase in total investment. Another case is for producers that the speed of product prize rising is always faster than the that of the nominal wage, so the profit of the enterprise in the short term will increase, and the enterprise will expand investment, as a result, have an positive effect on the economy.
Therefore, the study of the causes of inflation is of great significance to economic development and personal life. It is important for…
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