The Influence Of Cultural Changes In Dracula

730 Words3 Pages
After Bram Stoker published the iconic vampire classic, Dracula, in 1897, the world of literary vampires grew more popular and eventually, dramatically shifted towards cultural changes—revolving around global historical events and new American values. As the Second Industrial Revolution approached in the end of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, vampirism became based on the accelerating influences of science and technology, as well as, religion and gender. (Dartmouth) Stoker is described to have “transformed vampire folklore into a literary icon by emphasizing the nature of the vampire [as a threat of the unknown] and placing it into a modern setting.” (Shepard, 2010) As vampires gained momentum, they became more disturbing and dynamic: from mythical monsters straying far away from humanity to even ones centered in love triangles who sought for empathy. America’s cultural identity ultimately reflected onto vampire literature, creating a chain-reaction of distinct elements that included secularization, psychoanalysis, and social policy.
The cultural influences on vampires first affected their origins and setting; vampires were no longer limited to European countries like the United Kingdom or Romania. In fact, according to Dartmouth, the United States gradually became the vampire capital of the world in the twentieth century. American urbanization dramatically altered lifestyles and towards the 1920s, a majority of the population lived in cities, according to the
Open Document