In 477 BC the Delian League was formed as an alliance between Greeks to pay for war expenses (Pericles). The treasury was based in Athens and all members pledged an “eternal alliance under Athenian leadership (Pericles). An audit was agreed upon of each cities financial situation ensuring that each paid their fair share (Pericles). It was further decided that Athens would provide the commander of the Delian League and that person would
The Greeks closest to the Persian Empire after the war created the Delian League to protect them from the Persians. The Greeks chose the Athenians to lead them. The Spartans were originally asked to lead them, but the kind was very arrogant, so they retracted their offer. The Spartans then created the Peloponnesian League because they didn’t think the Athenians should lead the Delian League because they were getting too much credit for defeating the Persians in the war. The two leagues didn’t get along at all. This rivalry eventually turned into the Peloponnesian War. This war went on for about 30 years. After the war, the government changed in Athens.
After the end of the Persian war had many effects on Greece. This war brought the separated city-states together to fight the common enemy and together they eliminated the biggest rival. In order to prevent more turmoil and more war, Athens teamed up with other city-states and created the Delian League. The Delian League brought prosperity and peace for Greece with a Golden Age following the war. The Greek victory helped preserve Greek culture and helped distinguish Athens as a world power that was equal to the strength of
The ancient Greek and Roman civilizations of Europe began to progress toward a more civilized order of society. As there were no previous establishment to base their ideals on, it was understandable that there were some difficulties in their progression as a society. Although the ancient Greek and Roman governments fell, both had similar paths of creation, conquest, and destruction.
The besiegement of Thasos revealed Athens' true motivations behind the League and the future plans for her allies. According to _Ancient Greece Using Sources_ Thasos was one of the largest and richest members of the Delian League, and a conflict broke out between Athens and Thasos over the gold mining on the island. Thasos then attempted to withdraw from the League, as the Persians were no longer a threat in the Aegean, and Athens was demanding too much for too little in return.
All of these civilizations came and went at different times throughout the duration of Bronze Age Greece. All of them were drastically important in maintaining the great power of the area during a time of such havoc and turmoil. Much like anything in life, all good things must come to an end eventually. The Bronze Age Greece almost completely fell by 146BC. There are a number of different reasons why the collapse of the Bronze Age Greece occurred. In the following sections we will discuss several reasons for the collapse of this once great society.
The Athenians used the Delian League to enhance their prestige. They bettered themselves by strengthening their army and weakened other by taking resources for them. The Delian League gave Athens
The establishments of cleruchies had cause much resentment from other Greek states towards Athens. According to Plutarch, this system had relieve “the city of a large number of idlers and agitators and raise the standards of the poorest classes”, but at the same time it implanted amongst the allies “a healthy fear of rebellion”. It also allowed Athens to gain more numbers of hoplites, as only Athenian men with money can become a hoplite soldier. This had increased the military force in Athens and had strengthened Athensʼ hold on her empire, as they were located at strategic points in the Aegean. The worsening relationship between Athensʼ and her allies in the League is due to Athensʼ selﬁsh self interest in developing her imperial power, and this had allow Athens to gradually grow into an empire. This selﬁsh self interest can be seen after the Peace of Callias. At ﬁrst the aim of the League was, according to Thucydides, ʻto compensate themselves for their losses by ravaging the territory of the King of Persiaʼ, but in 449 BC Persian lost the battle against Cimon in Cyprus and signed a peace treaty called ʻPeace of Calliasʼ. Although this meant that the Leagueʼs aim had been fulﬁlled, the Athenians argued that the Persians would strike again if the Greeks appeared weak. This argument from Athens had an underlying aim, that was so the Greeks states would not leave
Originally, The Delian League was an alliance created to continue the onslaught on the Persia after the Greeks successfully repelled the second Persian invasion - the founding principle was "offense is the best line of defense" and speculations that Persia could one day arrange another invasion (Butler, 2007).
After the end of the Persian War, Athens and Sparta each had their own different foreign policies; Athens being more active in foreign affairs and Sparta being very isolationist. “With the siege of Sestos, a more decisive divergence began to appear between Athenian and Peloponnesian aspirations; it became more pronounced…with offensive operations.” (Sealey 228). All of the people that suffered under the expansionist Athenians looked for help. Sparta was the only one capable of providing that help but never actually gave any. With Sparta’s passiveness, they left themselves open to the criticisms that Corinth and others would give. When Athens created the Delian League to protect themselves and other city-states from barbarian threats, it was not
- Athens had become an imperial power - Delian League ask for contributions & would not let anybody leave - Trireme – row ship used for war - Democracy in Athens - Athens made a form of taxes - Sophists – traveling teachers - Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle - Athens had become an imperial power - Delian League ask for contributions & would not let anybody leave - Trireme – row ship used for war - Democracy in Athens - Athens made a form of taxes - Sophists – traveling teachers - Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle - Athens had become an imperial power - Delian League ask for contributions & would not let anybody leave - Trireme – row ship used for war - Democracy in Athens - Athens made a form of taxes - Sophists – traveling teachers - Socrates,
In the early fifth century BC, Greece consisted of many city-states allied in various factions or leagues. The alliances between these cities are difficult to understand. The alliances created a patchwork where
The Peloponnesian War was the turning point in Athenian hegemony in Ancient Greece. It was fought in 431 B.C. between the Delian League, led by Athens, and the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta. According to Thucydides, Athens’ imposing hegemonic status and its overwhelming quest for more power made the Peloponnesian War and Athens’s eventual fall from power inevitable. Despite the Athenians having a far more superior navy and being considerably wealthier, they were defeated and made subjects of Sparta. In this paper, I will discuss Thucydides’ and Socrates’ reasons for why
These mineral salts become highly poisonous for the plants.” (Reasons for decline of Mesopotamia). In Rome there water supply pipes were made with lead, which caused the people who drank or used the water to be sick and be poisoned. Rome, Mesopotamia, and The Aztecs were greatly affected by being poisoned and diseases causing their societies to fall. A major reason why society's fall is because of their economy problems. Society’s such as Greece, Rome, The Mongols were all affected by this problem. In Greece they had many wars causing city-states to be divided alliances. Splitting cost a lot of money to the economy. “Constant war divided the Greek city-states into shifting alliances; it was also very costly to all the citizens.” (Decline of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome). Since Rome had constant wars it was harder for the Romans to trade causing Rome not to be able to get the necessary resources they need from trading. “Trade was constantly disrupted because of wars” (Decline of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome). The Mongols conquered a lot of people and land. Which them to not have enough money to go around for all of the people which caused the society to go into