The Influence Of The Egyptian Flooding In Ancient Egypt

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The Egyptians discovered that unlike other rivers, the Nile flowed from south to north and was in flood at the warmest time of the year. This was a mystery to the ancient Egyptians, why the river flooded and flowed this way as apposed to flowing north from the sea to south. This added to the Magical beliefs and influences of the Nile.

The Nile flooded once a year and was call the “Annual Flood”. This allowed the land around the Nile to be cultivated and for civilizations to exist. Egyptians were able to predict the annual Nile flooding through what was called a “Nilometer”, as sometimes the flood was unpredictable. Too much flood would wash away crops and buildings, but too little would cause drought and famine. The simplest Nilometer was thought to be a long reeded stick, which was marked with measurements to determine the heights of the river. The Nilometer also helped to determine how good the crops would be that year. The flood would also play a part in a political role also, since the quality and quantity of the years harvest would determine the tax payable. Later in time, Nilometer’s were thought to be staircases that lead down to the water from temples, which had horizontal marks to the side of the steps. This also enabled the Egyptians to records past floods.
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With the abundance of water and the high temperatures, this supported farming along the Nile and the Delta. This provided valuable food for the general population throughout Egypt. The annual Nile flood was important to the Egyptians of both Upper and Lower Egypt who based their lives around this cycle. Ancient Egyptians divided their calendar up into three seasons, around the annual flood as follows:
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