The Influence of Attachment Styles and Motivation Behind Binge Drinking

3259 Words Jun 17th, 2013 14 Pages
| The Influence of Attachment Styles and Motivation Behind Binge Drinking | | Kathryn Smith |

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Submitted as a PSS220 Lab Report for Swinburne University Lilydale

This study examines attachment styles and the influence different motives have on binge drinking in young adults between 18 and 30 year olds. There were 238 Swinburne University students and 103 non-students who participated in this study, all participants answered a questionnaire on attachment, motives and the amount of alcoholic drinks consumed on a typical night out. It was hypothesised that insecure attachment styles are more likely to drink at risky levels on a typical night out than secure individuals and that motives influence insecure attachments and
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There are three types of insecure attachment; Dismissing/avoidant attachment- an insecure attachment category, associated with experiences of rejection, Preoccupied/ ambivalent attachment- an insecure attachment category, this category is associated being overly tuned to their experiences due to parent’s inconsistency in discipline and shows of affection. And Anxious/ Fearful attachment- another insecure category associated with extreme fear usually related to a parent’s death (Santrock 2010) & (McNally, Palfai, Levine and Moore 2003). Over the past decade many researchers have studied the role of secure and insecure attachments. It is believed that secure attachments to parents in adolescent’s leads to higher self-esteem and social adjustments in adulthood, securely attached adolescents have a lower chance of being involved in problem behaviours and drug and alcohol abuse as they get older, where insecure attachments lead to an increase in depression and problem behaviours (Santrock). Studies have shown that individuals with different attachments viewed themselves and others in either positive or negative way. Secure individuals view themselves as relatively unstressed (positive) and others as supportive (positive), Insecure/fearful individuals view themselves as distressed (negative) and others as supportive (positive) and insecure/ dismissive, preoccupied