The Influence of Defendant Gender and Crime Types towards Juror Decisions

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INTRODUCTION
The influence of defendant gender and crime types towards juror decisions.
Jury trials play a centrally important role in the law, therefore it is crucial for the juror to stay neutral in making decision. However, several research shows that stereotyping is one of the most debatable issues related to juries’ decision (Bornstein & Greene, 2011). In refer to Bornstein and Greene (2011), the stereotype that females and males generally labelled in specific crime be likely to be true in the largest sense. Thus, the significance of this study is to examine the effect of stereotype in defendant gender and crime types on the juror decision.
McCoy and Gray (2007) examined the impact of defendant gender and relationship to victim on juror decisions in a child sexual abuse case. They manipulated the gender of the defendant (male or female) and the relationship (parent or stranger) to the abused child and ask the participants to be as mock jurors to rate the likelihood of guiltiness and their believability in each case. The results in McCoy and Gray (2007) study was that female defendants were less likely to be found guilty than were male defendants in an alleged child sexual assault case. While in the aspect of believability, despite of the male jurors, female jurors rated the victim as more convincing than the defendant.
In relation to this topic, stereotyping theory has also been examined in the context of defendant race and crime type. Gordon et al. (1988) created a…