The Influence of Social Class on Language Variation. (the Case of Pygmalion)

3446 Words Apr 1st, 2012 14 Pages
*The Influence of Social Class on Language Variation.
(The Case of Pygmalion)


-The aim of this paper is to introduce the ways in which language can vary, including change over time and variation within linguistic communities, the effects of contact between speakers of different languages and dialects, the development of language as it is being acquired and learned, the sporadic errors which can occur in normal language production, and the nature of speech and languages disorders (According to the study of the play called "Pygmalion" which we are going to talk about further on). Understanding these phenomena of language variation requires familiarity with, in particular, Sociolinguistics and Leech's Politeness Theory,
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The Modesty maxim

-The Modesty maxim states: 'Minimize the expression of praise of self; maximize the expression of dispraise of self.' Oh, I'm so stupid - I didn't make a note of our lecture! Did you?

The Agreement maxim

-The Agreement maxim runs as follows: 'Minimize the expression of disagreement between self and other; maximize the expression of agreement between self and other.

-It is in line with Brown and Levinson's positive politeness strategies of 'seek agreement' and 'avoid disagreement,' to which they attach great importance.
-However, it is not being claimed that people totally avoid disagreement.

-It is simply observed that they are much more direct in expressing agreement, rather than disagreement. A: I don't want my daughter to do this, I want her to do that. B: Yes, but ma'am, I thought we resolved this already on your last visit.

The Sympathy maxim

-The sympathy maxim states: 'minimize antipathy between self and other; maximize sympathy between self and other.' This includes a small group of speech acts such as congratulation, commiseration, and expressing condolences - all of which is in accordance with Brown and Levinson's positive politeness strategy of attending to the hearer's interests, wants, and needs. I am sorry to hear about your father.

-What we have just read could be examined and witnessed in the play called “Pygmalion”.

-First of all the word (Pygmalion) means: Greek myth a
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