Janet Abbate’s Inventing the Internet explores the history of the Internet as "a tale of collaboration and conflict among a remarkable variety of players." (3) Abbate’s writing concentrates on the Internet’s development through social and cultural influences. The book explores the evolution of the Internet from ARPANET to global networks. The Internet’s expansion has existed within an interworking web of innovators; government and military, computer scientists, graduate students, researchers, cable and phone companies, network users, etc. The details given by Abbate affirm the book’s claim that the Internet was not
The internet has revolutionized the modern world like no other invention has before, except perhaps, electricity. The internet allows sharing and collaboration to take place between people on opposite sides of the globe. Vinton G. Cerf, often called the “Father of the Internet”, admits that when the original idea of an “intranet” was in its infancy, there was no possible way to imagine all of the ways we would come to use it (NDTV, 2013).
It is important to know the history of the internet. The internet is a worldwide network of computer systems that are connected to each other by cables (Howe, 2012). The internet first started out as a military experiment. In 1957, the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) was created by the United States department of Defense (Computer History Museum, 2004). The project was started after the Russians launched a satellite into space for communication reasons. The satellite was called SPUTNIK (Computer History Museum, 2004). It was rumored that President Eisenhower got worried and decided to get the United States to launch its own satellite. They recruited Dr. Joseph C. Licklider of MIT, was made head of the Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO)(Computer History Museum, 2004). Their purpose of the project was to focus on improving the military use of computer information.
The popularity of Internet has become ubiquitous and pervasive all over the world. The Internet plays a pivotal role in all walks of human life and has improved the quality of people life and has invaded all sectors like Governmental Organizations, Science and Technology, Business World, Industry and Education. In 1969, the Internet was originated by US Department of Defense (DoD) and Advanced Research Project (ARPANET) using Network Control Program (NCP). Research on packet switching communication methodology resulted in inter-networking of networks in 1981, when the researchers in Great Britain and Norway tried to collaborate with the researchers in US using Internet Protocol (IP). Realizing the importance and advantages of IP, the Internet
The Internet is, quite literally, a network of networks. It is comprised of ten thousands of interconnected networks spanning the globe. The computers that form the Internet range from huge mainframes in research establishments to modest PCs in people's homes and offices. Despite the recent hype, the Internet is not a new phenomenon. Its roots lie in a collection of computers that were linked together in the 1970s to form the US Department of Defense's communications systems. Fearing the consequences of nuclear attack, there was no central computer holding vast amounts of data, rather the information was dispersed across thousands of machines. A set of rules, of protocols, known as TCP/IP was
The Internet influenced the United States more than anything else in the 20th century. The Internet first technically started in 1969, when the U.S. Defense Department’s Advanced Research Projects Agency or ARPA connected networks at the University of California and the Stanford Research Institute (SRI). From there, just three years later the creation of the Email was born by Ray Tomlinson of BBN. With many other novelties of the Internet coming soon after, such as the Domain Name System (DNS) establishing .edu and .com, and the first web browser, World Wide Web by CERN. As the Internet flourished in the late 1990s it became more usable to the public and soon became routine to use, making great changes in society. The Internet was integrated
In Where Wizards Stay up Late, the Origins of the Internet, Katie Hafner and Matthew Lyon explore the beginnings of the Internet. The authors show us how it was a computer-engineering firm that produced the original prototypes for "Arpanet," and how several very intelligent men made the Internet possible. The book is excellent in that it brings to the limelight many important people that played an important role in devising the Internet. In other words, therefore, this book is a history as well as a work of drama. It tells a very intriguing story of how the computer technology for the Internet was devised. In many respects, it is very much a "behind-the-scenes" kind of documentary.
Although the Internet is demarcated as a global causation of separate networks by the academic world, confidential parties, industry and even the government. In the beginning, the internet was provided to help interconnect workrooms (labs) that took part in government research and so ever since the year 1994 it has grew to serve millions of people in each and every part of the world.
The conceptual foundation for the creation of the Internet was significantly developed by three individuals and a research conference, each of which changed the way we thought about technology by accurately predicting its future: Vannevar Bush wrote the first visionary description of the potential uses for information technology with his description of the "memex" automated library system. Norbet Wiener invented the field of Cybernetics, inspiring future researchers to focus on the use of technology to expand human compatibilities. The 1956 Dartmouth Artificial Intelligence Conference crystallized the concept that
In today’s world Internet has become one of the most important mediums of communication. It has become the lifeline of our survival. It has removed the entire social, economic and physical barrier and has immense effect on our day to day activity.
Knowing all of this and how far the internet has already come…I realized how much farther the internet really has left to go. In a small window of time, the internet has had an extraordinary impact on how people live their daily lives. It gives the human mind the capability to access new ideas, information and endless possibilities. Which leads to the chronological question, if this is what the internet can do now, what will the future of the internet look like? Even though the internet has already had a significant impact on society thus far, nobody saw it coming even though everybody could predict it. In a world that is constantly changing, the internet is constantly adapting. The true computer revolution has begun but only cracked the surface into the boundless levels it has the capability to reach. In the future the internet will expand in three major areas, speed, intelligence and connection.
Today, the Internet has become one of the basic necessity in our lives. It is difficult to imagine our life without the Internet. Many companies today are completely dependent on the efficient working of the Internet for example, Banks, Social Networking Websites and E-Commerce to name a few. A slight glitch in the working of the Internet can cause these companies to incur losses in millions of dollars. So such companies demand for efficient working of the
Business has thived on the internet, internet business are able to reach a wider market "Through the internet, a business of any size can compete in the global marketplace. In fact, on the internet, the size of an organization's operation makes little difference because the internet is an open environment. " because anyone has access to the internet businesses can reach anyone also giving the customer a wider choice of products.
<br>The Internet?s popularity has dramatically escalated over the past few years and has become an integral part of daily life. It has wide spread uses ranging from, obtaining information, downloading files, business advertisement to Internet commerce, which plays a major part in Internet practice. Our social structure is pressuring society to connect to the Internet, with schools world wide becoming more Web based and universities now have lectures, which can be solely viewed over the Internet. Within the next few years the potential and capabilities of the Internet are endless. With that in mind the following assignment will examine a
Considering how important it is these days, it is impossible to imagine life without the internet. However commercial activity on the internet is not as old as most users may believe. The internet was developed over 34 years ago as a project in the United States Department of Defense Advance Research Project Agency (DARPA).The original aim of this project was to investigate the possibility of connecting several computers together to communicate with one another. In 1969 a network of 4 computers were connected and were called (ARPANET).The year 1972 saw the introduction of email capabilities to the network. ARPANET was decommissioned in 1989 to be replaced by NSFNET which was developed