In its basic form, a typical RFID system has two major components, a reader and tags, as shown in Figure 3.1. These tags are made from a tiny chip, also called an integrated circuit (IC), that is connected to an antenna that can be built into many different kinds of tags including apparel hang tags, labels, and security tags, as well as a wide variety of industrial asset tags. The tag chip contains the product's electronic product code (EPC) and other variable information so that it can be read and tracked by RFID readers anywhere(Impinj 2015).
This paper gives a clear understanding on the current state of art on the IoT. The primary idea of the IoT concept is the pervasive existence around us of a wide range of things such as Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) tags, actuators, sensors, mobile phones, etc. These are able to communicate with each other and collaborate with their neighbors to reach collective goals through distinctive addressing scheme.
Regardless of the frequency, method of communication, or the power supply, the goal of any RFID system is to enable specific data to be transmitted between a portable device and the tag, and then be processed and used accordingly. RFID systems are used for objects which get lost, stolen often, underutilized, or difficult to locate in a timely manner.
RFID, or radio frequency identification, is the new system that is replacing the use of barcodes. RFID tags allow users to more quickly obtain information from the object that the RFID tag
RFID is short for Radio Frequency IDentification. The solution is comprised of RFID tags and a device that can read
(a) Label after entering the magnetic field, receive the radio frequency signal from the reader, with the energy gained by the induced current send product information stored in the chip (Passive Tag) or by the label initiative to send a frequency signal (Active Tag) reader read the information and the decoding, sent to the central information system on data processing. A complete set of RFID system, through the Reader (Reader) and electronic label (TAG), that is called Transponder and application software system of three parts. The working principle is the Reader to launch a specific frequency radio waves of energy to the Transponder, send the internal data to drive Transponder circuit, the Reader will receive interpreting data in a sequence, for application to do the corresponding processing. RFID card reader and electronic tags between the communication and energy sensing approach can be divided into roughly: Two kinds of coupling and backward scattering. The general low frequency RFID mostly uses the first kind,
RFID refers to any system that can transmit identification numbers over radio. RFID system is made up of a unique identification number, which is allocated to a specific item, an identity tag which is attached to the item with a chip capable of storing a unique identification number, networked RFID readers and data processing systems that are capable of collecting signals from multiple tags at high speeds and of pre-processing this data, and one or more networked databases that store the product information RFID is a wireless technology, which allows transmission of information without the physical connection. In its most basic form, an RFID system has two components: tags and readers. A tag (transponder) consists of a microchip that stores identification data of the item to which it is attached and an antenna to transmit this data via radio waves. A reader (interrogator) sends out a radio signal and prompts the tag to broadcast the data contained on its chip. The reader then converts the radio waves returned from the tag into digital data and forwards them to a computer system. A reader can scan an area for any tags that are tuned to the same frequency as the reader. The frequency on which the RFID system operates designates the intensity of the radio waves used to transmit
Moreover, the Internet of Things, or as called by others, the Internet of Everything is a seen as a global network of devices and machines that have the ability to interact and communicate with each other (Kortuem et al., 2010, Lee and Lee, 2015). Seven years later, the International Telecommunication Community adapted the definition of IoT in the ITU-T Y.2060 (06/2012) publication stating that the IoT is a global infrastructure for the information society that enables advanced services by interconnecting physical and virtual things on the foundation of current and developing information and communication technologies (ITU, 2015).
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) uses Radio Frequency electromagnetic energy that can be transmitted and can be used to read the
The Radio Frequency Identification Device (RFID) is a powerful technology for companies in the logistics and supply chain management industry. According to Jakobs (2000), he states that the RFID system use tiny tags with embedded microchips that contains data. This data contains the location and information about the product/item and transfers the data to RFID readers through radio signals.
RFID or Radio-frequency identification is a technology used to track objects using electromagnetic fields that transfer data. RFID chips are incorporated into small tags, that are then attached to objects that requiring tagging and tracking. As stated by Mark Roberti (2005), RFID has come a long way since being invented in 1935, from being used in the radar system during the world war to being developed into a more passive RFID system by the Germans and then into more advanced roles of anti-theft systems used by many companies in the form of electronic article surveillance tags. This system went on to be used in more advanced uses such as unlocking doors without keys, tracking nuclear materials, automated toll payments, tracking cattle for agricultural use, contactless cards for payment systems and anti-theft systems in cars. Later by 1990s, IBM developed ultra-high frequency RFID system. This system made its way into supply chain management for the purpose of tracking them, thanks to two professors David Brock and Sanjay Sarma who
.Index Terms—Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), Hybrid RFID and WSN (HRW), RFID Reader, Integrates.
Another significance of this study is to prove the transmission range of RFID when integrated into other devices and how useful the technology is. This study will also lead to future innovation that will use RFID technology in it most feasible aspects to aid people’s needs.
Information has become an invaluable resource. In modern society, it is necessary to be able to send and receive data quickly in order to keep up with the rest of the world. With so much technology at our fingertips, it is almost unheard of for someone to be without a device that can connect the Internet. The technology that allows these devices to communicate with one another is known as the Internet of Things. Because of this concept, people are now able to exchange information faster than ever before.
The next big connection the world is going to see is the Internet of Things (ioT) which shall connect many objects which may or may not computers connected to the world. The basic aim of ioT is to make the entire world not only connected, but deeply and widely connected. It can be done if each object is addressable, accessible and actionable. The Internet of Things connects devices and machines such as everyday consumer objects and industrial or transport equipments onto the internet.