The Invention Of The Printing Press

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If we examine, by quantifiable evaluations focusing on printing production and the distribution of associated technology and scrutinized by the characterization of the extensive expanse of knowledge and ideas across Europe we will discover the invention of the printing press. A result of progress, among a number of allied industries, papermaking and goldsmithing were principal players.
The thin paper-like material made from the pith of the papyrus plant was one of the most common writing papers during the the 5th century A.D. Egypt, the main source for this paper became isolated after the fall of the Roman Empire. With limited access to papyrus, Europeans turned to parchment made from animal skin, often calfskin limed, scraped, and dried under tension. All documents and books were manuscripts made of parchment before the arrival of printing. A secondary effect of the fall of the Roman Empire was, “Much European cultural and intellectual life took refuge in the monasteries” according to the Educator Program of the Gutenberg Bible (Harry Ransom Center).
Continuous warfare, poor crops, and abnormally cold temperatures helped drive Europe into the Dark Ages. Many Greek and Roman classical texts were lost, preserved in Byzantine and Muslim territories and according to the Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, “the silent scriptoria of European monasteries” where monks faithfully preserved them (par. 3). Scriptoria rooms in monasteries bestowed with the responsibility of copying

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