The Invisible Women : Gender, Crime And Justice

1432 WordsDec 6, 20146 Pages
In history women and girls’ experiences as offenders and victims have been left out of criminal studies. According to Joanne Belknap, Author of The Invisible Women: Gender, Crime and Justice, many theories before the 21st century state that women offenders are only deviant in criminal behavior due to a result of biological forces. Stereotypical theories such as Anatomy as Destiny (Sigmund Freud), The Unadjusted Girl (Thomas), Behind the Mask (Pollack), are all early 1800 stereotypical male chauvinist theories to explain why women become deviant. Throughout history it is well known that the culture of women and the feminist movement had begun essentially in the late 1800s. Even until today, somehow the study of women offenders and equal treatment still is lacking. In the 1800s, society viewed women as more stricken, to act ladies and always protect their Chasity. While this view was widespread, there were women in the 1800s who acted quite opposite and decided to live a life of deviant behavior and criminality. The duo Cattle Annie and Little Britches are the definitive illustration to platform women criminality in the 1800s. Deemed as the youngest outlaws in American history, Cattle Annie and Little Britches make history after turning their innocent teenage years into an outlaw infatuation. In this paper we will review how that infatuation led them to join outlaw gangs, becoming career criminals, and eventually being jailed for their offences and how it relates to
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