The Iranian Islamic Revolution

832 Words4 Pages
The Iranian Islamic Revolution was a political and religious upheaval of the Pahlavi monarchy, having been installed in 1941, to a theocracy built upon the Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists; velayate faqih. The dissolution of the monarchy was replaced by an Islamic Republic, guided by an eighty year old religious scholar who had returned from exile after fourteen years. The revolution itself was deemed “impossible until it was inevitable” (Source 52). The reasoning comes from the lack of routine causes for a revolution which include: a military defeat, financial crisis, a rebellion by the peasant class, mounting national debt, and a disgruntled military. In addition the Pahlavi monarchy was supported by a relatively modern army with a…show more content…
After this hostile takeover, his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was crowned as the Shah and would rule until 1979. During his reign though, a brief transfer of power transpired when in 1953 the Shah fled Iran when a power struggle ensued with the Prime Minister, Moahammad Mossadegh. Iranians claim that he was democratically elected and during this brief period nationalized the oil fields which were British owned. This policy instituted a coup d’état orchestrated by the CIA, known as operation AJAX, and British MI6, operation boot. In 2013 the CIA formally admitted that it was involved in the coup. (Insert Source) With successful ousting of the Prime Minister the Shah returned to Iran and continued his reign, though it would be forever soured because of the operations and his continuing closeness with the foreign powers who installed him.

Upon the return of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi he began a renewed effort to economically and socially modernize Iran. The Shah attempted to balance an increase in power by instituting reforms that would gain the favor of common Iranians. This however angered some clerics for his disregard of Islamic Law that forbade him from instituting legislation. The most angered cleric was Ayatollah Khomeini who issued a religious edict, or fatwa, protesting the changes. In response to this edict a government owned radio station ridiculed
Get Access