The Iranian Revolution

3901 Words Nov 25th, 2000 16 Pages
The Iranian Revolution

Iran is a country located in the Middle East. The main source of income for the country is oil, the one object that had greatly influenced its history. Iran 's present government is run as an Islamic
Republic. A president, cabinet, judicial branch, and Majilesor or legislative branch, makes up the governmental positions. A revolution that overthrew the monarch, which was set in 1930, lasted over 15 years. Crane Brinton 's book, An Anatomy of a Revolution, explains set of four steps a country experiences when a revolution occurs.
Symptoms, rising fever, crisis, and convalescence are the steps that occur. The Iranian Revolution followed the four steps in Crane
Brinton 's theory,
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On October 6, 1978, Khomeini was expelled from Iraq and moved to Paris, where he was accessible to a larger body of opposition forces. He was also accessible to the
Western Press. Khomeini preached that he would displace the Shah and expel the foreigners. He also said he would enforce religious and traditional values, and redirect Iran 's wealth away from large industrialization schemes and toward reforms needed by the common people. Throughout the 1970 's, Khomeini gained tremendous popularity with the masses, and he became the symbol of the opposition towards the Shah. As Khomeini gained popularity, many religious groups grew in numbers and in status. In the early 1950 's, the technocrats had showed core support for Mohammad Mossedeq and Iran 's national movement. They saw Mossadeq 's overthrow as the removal of the symbolic leader of the Iranian nation by an American directed coup d 'etat. Many of his followers formed groups in opposition to the Shah. Leaders of the Freedom Front, one of the groups that grew out of the Mossadeq movement, were a group composed of intellectuals who tended to be centrist in philosophy, more religious, anti-Marxist, and militant
(Cottam 13).

They recognized Khomeini 's large and potentially enormous following, and associated themselves with him. The rise of religious opposition groups and Khomeini
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