The Iranian Revolution

1494 Words6 Pages
More than 2,500 years ago, the Persian king Cyrus issued a proclamation ending the Babylonian exile, allowing the Jews to return to the land of Israel and rebuild the Jerusalem temple. This triggered a temporary friendship between the Jews and the Persians. During Reza Shah’s reign in Iran, Israel and Iran cooperated on many levels as they were united by a common enemy and shared interests. However, there has always been a substantial ideological split between the Iranian theocracy focused on the triumph of Islam, and a Jewish state dedicated to the security of its people. Thus, these close relations ended abruptly after the 1979 Iranian Revolution when Ayatollah Khomeini, a leader devoted to traditional Islamic religious values, took power, and were only worsened during the Iran-Iraq war. The current conflict between Israel and Iran over Iran’s nuclear pursuits stems from the combination of the 1979 Iranian Revolution and the relationship between Israel and Iran during the Iran-Iraq War which polarized the preexisting ideological tensions. Before the Iranian Revolution in 1979, Iran and Israel, united by a common enemy and shared economic interests, maintained a strong relationship and Iranian Jews gained significant freedoms and opportunities. During Reza Shah’s reign in Iran at the beginning of World War II, Israel and Iran bonded militarily over a shared enemy, Iraq. Israel’s intelligence force, Mossad, joined forces with Iran’s intelligence force, SAVAK, in order
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