Although much of the blame for the Troubles in Northern Ireland has fallen on the IRA as a terrorist group, the British government was responsible for numerous acts of state terrorism in the period. As a result of their frustration towards the situation in the North and their desperation to stop the IRA from wreaking havoc, the British Army and police acted in ways that one would not expect from the representatives of a world power in the late twentieth century. The British government refused to recognize the legitimacy of the IRA, and instead of combating them as a military enemy, often resorted to acts of terrorism of their own. These instances of state terrorism were often a result of pent up frustration and desperation as
After the first world war the leaders of europe came together to discuss the boundaries of europe. British rule decided to separate ireland into two sides. North Ireland was created when the british government of Ireland Act in 1920 divided Ireland into two areas; the Irish Free State and the Northern Ireland Roman Catholics, who made up around one-third of the population of Northern Ireland, were largely opposed to the separation. The British took over , but only after many revolts and riots against them from the people of ireland. In 1969 the IRA (Irish Republican Army) was formed. They were a Catholic Irish nationalist group that used guerrilla tactics like bombings and assassinations to oppose British rule and oppression in Ireland. Their main goal was to fight the british that took over their home. The IRA would Fight using guerilla and terrorist tactics including bombings, assassinations, kidnappings, punishment beatings, extortion, smuggling, and robberies. But over time the IRA became more of a dangerous militia then patriots defending their home.
In the 12th century, Queen Elizabeth of England first started to consider Ireland as part of the British Empire after a large scale exploration and immigration of Irish people to England. Queen Elizabeth was on a quest to spread Christianity and become the most powerful empire in Europe, which cause, problems in Ireland. These problems would lead to war between the British and the IRA and would cause war to come to Ireland and a desire to be free again. Although war would not come until after a deadly famine struck Ireland and the surrounding island nearby in 1845, due to people leaving and converting to Catholic faith. The average Irish family lived on potatoes which became infected by potato blight. With the death toll racking up in the millions
The Irish Republican Army (IRA) was created after the 1916 Easter Uprising in Dublin. But the conflict could be traced back even further. In 1172, the king of England invaded Ireland and controlled it. As a result of this invasion, the religious and territorial conflicts started. In the 1500s, there was an attempt to create a church similar to the Church of England. Catholics opposed of this idea so the conflict involved independence as well (Arena & Arrigo, 2004).
The Anglo-Irish relationship is one that has been filled with tension for over three hundred years. Beginning in the 1600s, English Protestants, supported by their government, settled in large numbers in Ireland and began to systematically dis-enfranchise the native population. Through land ownership and legal discrimination, the Irish lived as sub-citizens in their own country; this mistreatment by the British culminated in the Great Famine of 1845, which created the atmosphere of ant-imperial nationalism, which laid the groundwork for the troubles.
The Easter Uprising of 1916 was an event that happened at the tail end of a long list of events that would forever change Ireland. The Uprising or Rising, as some call it, took place mostly in Dublin but was felt throughout Ireland. The point was to gain independence from Great Britain who had ruled Ireland for the past couple hundred years. At the turn of the 19th century England believed that Ireland had too much independence and made the Act of Union. “The result was the Act of Union of 1801: the Irish parliament voted itself out of existence and England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales were formally politically unified for the first time” (Hegarty 2). Around the time of the First World War, Ireland began
Irish independence has been fought for a long time ever since the British occupied Ireland in 1172. The King of England invaded and controlled Ireland. The invasion led to religious and territorial conflicts. There was an effort to create a church comparable to the Church of England in the 1500s. Catholics who live in Ireland were against the idea and a conflict for independence has emerged (Arena & Arrigo, 2004). The suppression of Irish nationalism by the British in the 20th century led to the creation of martyrs for the cause led by the Irish Republican Army (Combs, 2011).
There were many causes of the Easter Uprising in Ireland. The most basic cause is the Irish nationalists wanted political freedom from the British. To understand these causes one must look at the political leaders and the political actions. The most prominent cause was the failure of Home Rule legislation. Home Rule was a bill proposed to the British parliament that would give Ireland the power to govern itself, free from the British. There were many attempts at a Home Rule Bill for the Irish. While some liberals in parliament favored the bill, the overwhelming majority did not. All the attempts to pass the bill were soundly defeated by the conservative members of British Parliament. Many Irish people still held out hope that one day the Home Rule Bill would be passed if they simply remained patient.
Action through the use of violence will always have consequences. There is no doubt the IRA were prepared to pay the ‘Butchers Bill’ to reach their nationalistic goals during the Irish-British Conflict. The Irish Republican Army (IRA) was a militant organisation founded in 1919. The IRA was the armed wing of the Sinn Fein political party. The IRA was known for various tactics including ambushes, raids and sabotage in the effort to rid British armed forces in Ireland to be able to establish the Republic of Ireland. They operated with and without political control and took the upper hand in the independence movement by becoming a violent organisation in both Ireland and Britain. The Provisional IRA formed in 1969 when the original IRA was split
The Act of Union in 1800 was a significant factor to the nature of Irish nationalism in 1800. Prior to the Act, the society of the united Irishmen, a republican society who wanted parliamentary reform and Catholic Emancipation, fought, under the leadership of Robert Emmet, with physical force for their complete independence. Because of their military strand they differed from their predecessors the ‘Protestant Patriots’, this is because the society was heavily influenced by revolutionary events in France and New America in the late 18th century. The rebellion, although unsuccessful, with its leader imprisoned, had major consequential effects; which was the passing of the Act of Union in 1800. The Act set the tone for the rest of Irish
The Irish Republican Army was the first to fight the British in the 19th century (Irish War of Independence). However, for many centuries the Irish when though many hardship such as has foreign domination. By the 20th century the British and Ireland struggle with divisions. There were people who wanted to remain in Britain while others wanted their independence (Ireland and Republican). Soon after there was a solution. In the 1850s, the Republican Brotherhood (IRB) was formed. However, in 1921 the IRA was founded. They had gain so many training and weapon that they were label as a terrorist organization. They would carry out bombing as well as assassinations to oppose the rule of Britain. Sinn Féin along with the British government later signed
This culminated in the Rebellion of 1798, lead by Wolfe Tone and the Society of United Irishmen, in which Hugh and Jimmy participated: “The road to Sligo. A spring morning. 1798. Going into battle” (445). But, as these characters soon discovered, the rebellion failed resulting in large executions and the passing of the Act of Union in 1800. This piece of legislation, effective from 1 January 1801, brought Ireland under the direct rule of the British Crown.
In brief, the Irish Volunteers exist to help keep the liberties and rights common to all people of Ireland by enforcing the Home Rule Devolution. Act that the Ulster Volunteers were fighting to abolish. However, during the events of the Easter Rising, the Irish Volunteers were forced to disband. After their end, Michael Collins and a few other remnants took up the mantle and rebranded themselves the IRA. At first glance, it would seem as though the IRA only exists because of the disbanding of the Irish Volunteers. What is more is that they were members of the Volunteers continuing on their goals.
The Irish saw life through a peasant eyes. They went to the United States hoping to make enough money to return to Ireland and buy themselves their own land. As a result of that they could injure many negative things. There was still a group of Irish who had no intention