The Islamic Caliphates During The Post Prophethood Time Essay

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As the days of the Prophet Muhammad’s life came to an end, the state of the Muslim community demanded for sincere and rightful authority. Therefore, a caliph, someone claiming control over the Muslims, was appointed. Although the caliphs were not prophets, their centralized purpose was to continue the straight path of Prophet Muhammad, politically, economically, and spiritually. During the rule of the 4 caliphates, Abu Baker, Umar Ibn Al- Khattab, Uthman Ibn Affan and Ali, the Muslims underwent a series of developments, movements, and conquests. The Islamic caliphates in the post Prophethood time period, provided leadership and social unity for Middle Eastern communities to follow into modern times. The caliphates represented an ideal example through their political, economical, and religious enforcements. When the Prophet was ordered through revelation to make the message of Islam public, hostility to the message rose and in response, the Prophet instilled hope amongst the muslims. Early revelations stressed the existence of one god and presented His attributes, which laid out basic elements of social and personal morality. These revelations redirected the individual from materialistic goals to a life dedicated to worship. In the tenth year of Hijra, the Prophet led 30,000 people on a pilgrimage to Mecca. On the plain of Arafat, the Prophet stood up and gave the farewell sermon. In the sermon he encouraged muslims to remain united, “you are one brotherhood all together”,
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