The Islamic Republic Of Iran

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Among the nations of the Middle East, The Islamic Republic of Iran stands as an oddity. It is a nation with a unique history, culture, and national identity. Formally known as Persia, Iran is the only non-Arab nation in the Middle East and the only Shi’ite theocracy in the world. The world’s first empire sprang out of Iran and spread from Egypt and Greece in the west to modern cultural identity day India in the East. Iran’s diverse history has manifested into a unique that has put Iran’s political objectives in conflict with many of its Middle Eastern neighbors and Western Civilization. Historians place human activity within Iranian borders as early as 30,000 B.C.E. There were several pre-Achaemenian civilizations found in Iran,…show more content…
when Alexander III of Macedon, or more commonly referred to as Alexander the Great, invaded and quickly conquered the Persian Empire. Between 200 B.C.E. to 642 C.E. several other Empires conquered and ruled the region. These Empires include the Parthian Empire (248 B.C.E. to 224 C.E.) and the Sassanid Empire (224 C.E. to 651 C.E.). The Parthians were the eastern nemesis of the Roman Empire. During the Sassanid reign the region experienced what Drijvers (2009) describes as, “long periods of cooperation, which comprised active cultural, religious, economic, and diplomatic exchange” with the Roman Empire (p. 1). The Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (2008) describes this period as a time of resurgence wherein, “Persian cities became centers of science, scholarship, art, and commerce...The first u12niversity in Iran was founded and build in Gondishapur” (p. 18). The current national identity of Iran began to take shape in 642 C.E. with the Muslim expansion. Abu Bakar, the father-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad and the leader of the Arabs, lead the Muslim conquest of the Persians. The Sassanian Empire was defeated approximately in 655 C.E. However, according to the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center, “Although the majority of Persians converted to Islam, Persia did not become Arabized in contrast to the ancient civilizations of Iraq, Syria, and Egypt. If anything, the opposite is true: it was conquering

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