The Island Of Cuba

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The island of Cuba is located on the northern rim of the Caribbean Sea and was inhabited by Arawak and Ciboney Indians prior to colonization by the Spanish in 1511. This native population, due to the colonization of the Spanish, was ravaged by decease, enslavement and warfare which ultimately caused their extinction. Cuba received little attention throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries like most of Spain’s Caribbean colonies because Spain was concentrating attention on Central and South America, largely ignoring the island colonies.
Financial mismanagement and cumbersome and inadequate trade policies caused the decline of Spain as a world power by the end of the seventeenth century, and the British government captured Havana, Cuba in 1762. The British began their pursuit of cultivating sugar cane and tobacco almost immediately, and these industries would dominate the economy of Cuba for several centuries. With industry comes the demand for labor. The cheapest form of labor needed to operate the plantations and raise livestock was in the form of African slavery. Cuban people today are the descendants of Spanish colonizers and African slaves.
While British control of the tiny island lasted only 10 months before Spain regained control, North Americans began purchasing Cuban goods. The new trade alliance with North America contributed to the growth and economic wellbeing of the island population. Immigration and trade increased over the next 60 years as did the

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