The Issue Of Birth Control

1492 WordsDec 14, 20166 Pages
Birth control has been a divisive issue in America for a long time, starting with the movement to legalize it in the early 1900s to the current complicated legislative landscape. This topic has been met with much opposition, with some citing potential health risks or others feeling wary of the level of government intervention, especially with the Affordable Care Act calling for birth control coverage for physician approved contraceptive methods. With healthcare expenditures rising every year, funding has become a key issue in the birth control conversation. This memo serves to explain H.R. 3134, which aims to cut federal funding to Planned Parenthood (PPFA) for one year, by giving an overview of key birth control legislation, evaluating the bill’s strengths and weaknesses, and concluding with a recommendation to adjust the proposed cancelation of funding PPFA to a reduction of three percent. BACKGROUND AND SCOPE Although birth control was common in the U.S. during much of the 19th century, the Comstock Act of 1873 made it a “federal offense to disseminate birth control” (PBS, par. 3). Efforts to promote awareness led to the start of birth control organizations, and by 1916, the PPFA was formed. In 1965, the Supreme Court ruled that a state’s “ban on the use of contraceptives violated the right to marital privacy,” since then, the Court has expanded this “right to privacy” most famously when the Court ruled that “banned abortions except to save the life of the mother” to be
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