The Issue Of Human Smuggling

1430 Words Sep 21st, 2015 6 Pages
61. Given the recent international attention to the refugee and migrant crisis, the issue of human smuggling from the coast of Libya has also come to the fore. Libya serves as a nexus point for the Central Mediterranean Route, the name given to the migratory flow from North Africa to Malta and Italy through the Mediterranean Sea. The various routes from Western Africa and the Horn in Africa converge on the Libyan coast before the perilous Mediterranean Sea crossing.
62. According to Frontex, “[i]n 2014, detections in the Central Mediterranean area reached a staggering level. More than 170 000 migrants arrived in Italy alone, representing the largest influx into one country in European Union history. Many migrants departed from Libya, where the lack of rule of law and basic law enforcement allow smuggling networks to thrive. Syrians and Eritreans were the top two nationalities, but numerous Africans coming from Sub-Saharan regions also use this route.” Between January and August 2015, the number of illegal border crossings using the Central Mediterranean route already exceeded 106,000.
63. Despite comparatively very high costs for migrants and refugees, amounting to up to US$ 20.000 for a journey, this sum is rarely paid in full to one centralised smuggling network. Due to the decentralised nature of the smuggling networks, migrants and refugees typically do not pay for their journey in one lump sum but instead are forced to “pay-as-you-go”, paying different smugglers…
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