The Issue Of Medical Safety, Or Religious Observance

2347 Words Apr 2nd, 2015 10 Pages
refuse them for reasons of medical, safety, or religious observance. This paper will look at what the current policy is in Ontario for childhood vaccines, the difference between parental right of choice and the best interests of the child. It will further discuss how the harm principle with public knowledge on immunizations can provide a strong base for parents to make informed decisions regarding vaccinations.

Under Canadian law, vaccinations are not considered compulsory due to the Canadian constitution. For reasons that a parents right to fully informed consent and their right to refuse vaccinations is guaranteed by the Constitutional Charter of Rights and Freedoms (Government of Canada, para 4 ). However, jurisdictions such as Ontario, New Brunswick and Manitoba have enacted specific legislation for school entry to improve vaccination coverage and achieve maximum compliance. These provinces mandate children to be vaccinated before entering school and consider it the duty of the parent to ensure that the child is up to date with all immunizations (Vaccine choice, 2014, para 3). The purpose of the Immunization of School Pupils Act under Ontario’s provincial government is to increase the protection of the health of all children against diseases. Therefore, proof of immunization against a range of diseases, such as meningococcal disease, whooping cough, chickenpox, tetanus, diphtheria, rubella, etc are considered a requirement. If the child does not show proof of full…

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