The Issue Of School Finance

1213 WordsDec 9, 20165 Pages
School finance has been a contentious issue around the country due to the amount of money that is required to provide a public education to all children. Exacerbating the issue is the fact that there is no uniformity across each state because the federal government does not have any clause within the U.S. Constitution that requires a funding of public education. Providing education is simply relegated to each state under the 10th amendment (Russo, 2016). Ohio State Constitution Article VI: “The General Assembly shall make such provisions, by taxation, or otherwise, as, with the income arising from the school trust fund, will secure a thorough and efficient system of common schools throughout the state; but no religious or other sect, or sects, shall ever have any exclusive right to, or control of, any part of the school funds of this state.” This clause guarantees that common schools (public) will be supported by the state and local governments. What does efficient mean? Should every school district receive the same amount of money? The Supreme Court of Ohio heard a case in 1979 that challenged the adequacy of school funding (Russo, 2016). The Court ruled that funding was adequate but in 1994 Perry County Court Judge Linton Lewis, Jr., ruled that "public education is a fundamental right in the state of Ohio" and that the state legislature had to provide a better and more equitable means of financing education (DeRolph Vs. State of Ohio, 2001). This would eventually lead to
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