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The Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor

Decent Essays
Many American’s were shocked by the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, however there were many signs that the tensions between the two countries was growing. Japan was desperate for economic growth. In 1915 Japan issued the “Twenty-One Demands” to China in order to gain control in certain areas of the country. These demands were in conflict of the “Open Door” U.S. policy to leave China a sovereign country. Leaving China sovereign would allow all other countries to have equal access to Chinese trade. Tensions were made even greater by the Great Depression in the 1930’s. The world could not survive without equal trade with China. Since early 1941, the U.S. had been supporting Great Britain in its fight against the Nazis. It had also been pressuring Japan to stop its military growth in Asia and the Pacific. Japan relied on the on the U.S. imports of steel and oil to continue their attacks on China and French Indochina. The U.S. had tried to remain neutral during the Japanese struggle for power but began to lay economic and military sanctions over Japan and China in order to end the struggle. This did nothing more than anger the Japanese and led directly into “a day that would live in infamy” with the Japanese bombing Pearl Harbor. Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto imagined the Pearl Harbor attack and Captain Minoru Genda planned it. The goal of their plan was to weaken the U.S. Navy in the Pacific. This would give them a buffer to continue their expansion into China
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