The Jeffersonian Republicans and Federalists

1211 WordsNov 9, 20085 Pages
The Jeffersonian Republicans and Federalists By 1817 the great American experiment was in full swing. America was developing into an effective democratic nation. However as the democracy continued to grow, two opposing political parties developed, the Jeffersonian Republicans and the Federalists. The Jeffersonian Republicans believed in strong state governments, a weak central government, and a strict interpretation of the Constitution. The Federalists saw it differently. They opted for a powerful central government with weaker state governments, and a loose interpretation of the Constitution. The seemingly solid divide between Federalist and Republican would begin to blur during the presidencies of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.…show more content…
Seeing as the Constitution said nothing in accordance to drafting men for the army, Madison believed that it should not be done. In March of 1817, when Madison vetoed an internal improvement bill, he continued to maintain Republican ideals. The Republicans believed that internal improvements should be carried out by the states. If the improvements were not going to benefit the nation as a whole, but only a region of the nation such as the Northeast it could not be funded by the federal government. He states this in a message to Congress, “…such a power is not expressly given by the Constitution…the permanent success of the Constitution depends on a definite partition of powers between the general and the state governments...I have no option but to withhold my signature from it…” (Document H). As Madison’s presidency progressed war came to the nation. The United States declared war on Britain on June 18, 1812 for a combination of reasons focused on violation of America's neutral rights in regards to Britain’s war with France, especially the impressment of American sailors into the Royal Navy, British restraints on neutral trade, and alleged British military support for American Indians who were hostile to the United States. During war time the Federalist Party began to dissolve
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