The Job Safety Law of 1970

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In United States Department of Labor, in “The Job Safety Law of 1970: Its Passage Was Perilous,” Judson MacLaury (1981) asserts that in 1872, in Massachusetts, the State labor bureaus reported some industrial tragic accidents, which developed some social movements related to occupational safety and health laws. The State labor bureau urged the state legislatures to regulate the work environment that risked employees’ health. As a result, in 1877, Massachusetts was the first state which passed the factory inspection law that required manufacturing workplaces to have some safety standards, such as protection on elevators and fire escapes. In 1913, Congress formed the Department of Labor in order to improve work situation and environments, such as preventing accidents, injuries, and diseases. The Bureau of Labor Statics attempted to make unhealthy work environment healthy. Later, in World War I, Congress created the Working Conditions Service which inspected manufacturing plants, advice firms to reduce risks, and supported States to develop and impose safety and health standards. During the first term of President Franklin Roosevelt, Congress passed three laws which empowered the Federal Government to protect employees. The Social Security Act of 1935 authorized the US Public Health Service to supply industrial health programs that were in charge of State health departments. The Walsh-Healey Public Contracts Act of 1936 banned work contracts that completed under unsafe
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