The Johnson Doctrine

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The Johnson Doctrine emerged during the heart of the Cold War. Lyndon Baines Johnson watched the United States come eerily close to armed conflict with the Soviet Union during the Cuban Missile crisis when he was vice president under John F. Kennedy. Kennedy had developed his own doctrinal stance against the spread of communism, which is why the Bay of Pigs invasion took place. Moreover, Kennedy developed his anti-communist foreign policy in the wake of Eisenhower's own doctrine designed to strengthen the United States against is arch nemesis. Thus, Johnson was in many ways merely picking up the baton of anti-communist foreign policy when he issued his proclamation in support of the invasion of the Dominican Republic in 1965. In a speech delivered on May 2 of 1965, Johnson addresses the American people to alert the public about the decision to send American troops to the Caribbean nation. Johnson (1965) states, "At stake are the lives of thousands, the liberty of a nation, and the principles and the values of all the American Republics. That is why the hopes and the concern of this entire hemisphere are, on this Sabbath-Sunday, focused on the Dominican Republic."
Like Kennedy, Johnson understood the importance of forming strategic alliances and partnerships with its other American neighbors. Johnson clearly invokes Kennedy in his speech, saying, "our beloved President John F. Kennedy meant when, less than a week before his death, he told us: 'We in this hemisphere must
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