Essay about The Jury Selection Procedure in the English Legal System

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The Jury Selection Procedure in the English Legal System The theory behind modern day trial by jury can be traced back some
eight hundred years, to the sixty-three clauses of the Magna Carta
(1215). One of these clauses reads; “ No free man shall be arrested,
or imprisoned, or deprived of his property, or outlawed, or exiled, or
in any way destroyed, nor shall we go against him or send him against,
unless by legal judgement of his peers, or by the law of the land.”
The Magna Carta gave English nobles and freemen the right to trial
via a panel of their peers. In addition, the concept could also have
stemmed from Normandy
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Anyone one can be chosen, as long
as they meet the criteria specified, this being that you have to be a
registered voter between the ages of eighteen and seventy and that you
have lived in the UK for at least five consecutive years since the age
of thirteen. Although only twelve jurors are required, it is necessary
to choose a lot more people than needed due to the following
exclusions for eligibility:

Ineligible

* Persons suffering from a mental disorder.

* Members of judiciary or others concerned with the administration
of justice.

* The Clergy.

Disqualified

* People with certain criminal convictions.

* Those currently on bail in criminal proceedings.

Excused as of right

· Anyone aged sixty-five to seventy years old.

· Anyone who has already partaken in jury service in the last two
years.

· Members of Parliament.

· The medical professions.

· The armed forces.

· Practising members of a religious society.

Discretionary excuse

· For a "good reason".

Discharge by the judge for lack of capacity

· Physical disability (such as blindness).

· Insufficient understanding of English.

In addition, any summoned juror can defer their jury service for up to
twelve months.

When a court requires a jury, fourteen to sixteen potential…