The Jury System Essay

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The right to trial by jury in the modern times originates from twelfth century England during the reign of King Henry II. This system may originate from an “ancient right for an accused to be tried only “by the lawful judgment of his equals or by the law of the land”” (Thomas). In the United States, trial by jury is mentioned in Article Three of the Constitution and the Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Amendments. For many people, the jury system seems to be the fairest system and most unbiased way of determining a person’s innocence or guilt. The system is to make sure that all receive fair trial despite their race, gender, national origin, religion, political affiliation, or color. Jury service is distinct in being the only form of civic …show more content…
The grand juries are not only done in private but the proceedings are not for public observation. Petit juries are made up of six to twelve members, while grand juries from sixteen to twenty-three. Jurors are selected at random and must be an American citizen. To qualify, jurors must also be over the age of eighteen, lived in the judicial district for a year, proficient English skills, and no mental or physical conditions. The juror must have also not have any felony charges punishable by imprisonment for more than a year or have been convicted of a felony. Active military members, officers, firemen, and government officials are exempt from jury service. Being summoned also does not guarantee that one will serve for the judge and attorneys will ask a number of questions to determine if the individual is sustainable. In all types of cases, juries must unanimously vote on a verdict except in civil cases where they can be non-unanimous. A law not told to jurors is the power of nullification. Knowledge of this law may prevent someone from serving on a jury and the acknowledgement in certain circumstances may get a person arrested. This power actually exist outside the law for it exist due to two other laws, where juries cannot be punished for a “wrong” decision and a not-guilty defendant cannot be tried for the same crime. This is where the jury says “guilty” or “not-guilty”, but they think differently. Though guilty verdicts can be

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