Essay about The Juvenile Court System

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The Juvenile Court System
The Juvenile Court system was a system set up to deal with minors who find themselves in trouble. In trouble with their parents, or the law. This system has its benefits and its flaws. The first juvenile court in the United States was established in 1899, in Illinois.
This set a trend that would grow across the entire United States { Forer, 198 }.
In 1974 The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act was put into effect. It had many regulations to follow, such as, making prevention of juvenile crime a national priority. It also assisted state, local, individual, and private organizations to have more sensible, less costly, and more preductive systems. It also prevents juvenile halls
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These are just a few examples of how minors are stripped of their basic rights. Recently however these violations have been looked over and are starting to change. They have the rights to hear the charges brought against them, remain silent, have an attorney, one local phone call for assistance, speedy trail, confront and question the people pressing charges against the minor, and the minor's parents will be notified as quickly as possible { Dolan, 100-101 }. In addition, rules of evidence and constitutional protections given to adults are observed in most juvenile courts today. The reason that minors are usually restrained from having a jury trial is to keep the public from branding the minor a criminal. The court system still has to work out more rights violations. Females are treated differently in the juvenile court system. Parents tend to tolerate misbehavior in a boy, but are more strict with girls. A result of these actions show an increasing number of females entering the juvenile court system at a growing, and alarming rate. Once in the court system they are handed down unfair punishments, and are kept in the detention halls for a longer period of time than males. They receive different and harsher punishments for the same non violent crimes committed by boys. Females
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