The Key Components Of Emotional Intelligence

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Emotional Intelligence and Leadership in Nursing
To better understand the applications of emotional intelligence in nursing and leadership, it is important to identify the key components of emotional intelligence (EI). By examining Daniel Goleman’s book Working with Emotional Intelligence, this paper will examine EI’s function in nursing as it applies to various roles in leadership. Lastly, it will discuss ways in which EI can be used for personal and professional development.
History of Emotional Intelligence, Science and technology are continuously advancing. According to Goleman (1998), prior to the 1990s, emotions were largely unexplored. Goldman suggests that more recent developments in technology have resulted in research on the brain and the psychology of emotion. He argues that there is now a growing body of research that suggests that emotions are a fundamental component of intelligence. He suggests that historically, intelligence has been thought of by many as a fixed component and success was largely thought to be determined by this fixed component (p. xi).
In 1990 John D. Mayer and Peter Salovey presented the framework for EI and defined it as “a set of skills that contribute to the accurate appraisal and expression of emotion in oneself and in others, the effective regulation of emotion in self and others, and the use of feelings to motivate, plan, and achieve in one’s life” (Mayer & Salovey, 1990, p. 190). Mayer and Salovey (1990) further defined EI as “a
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