This essay aims to explore and describe some of the key studies within Social Psychology and show why social psychology is still important within the science of psychology today. Social psychology was once described by Allport (as cited in Lindzey & Aronson, 1985, p.5) as, “the scientific study of how people’s thoughts, feelings and behaviours are influenced by the actual, imagined or implied presence of others”. One of the first psychologists to study social psychology was Kurt Lewin. Lewin is considered the “father of social psychology” by many as he took a stand against the dominant behaviourist approach during the 1920’s through his belief that interaction between the individual and their environment is key to affecting behaviour, rather than environment alone. His revolutionary ideas matured into the study of group dynamics, which is widely used by many organisations today (Collin, 2012).
“Social psychologists investigate how we view ourselves and others, how we interact with others, how we influence others, and how we act when we are part of a group. Given the amount of time each of us spends thinking about and interacting with the people we encounter every day, much of our lives are spent with the subject matter of social psychology.”(p.22)
There were three questions asked at the start of this paper. What is Social Psychology all about? Why is the study of it so important? Is there truly a purpose or benefit from the findings of the studies? Social Psychology is the study of attitude, behavior, and interactions of individuals within a group setting. You may have heard the saying "for every action, there is a reaction," Social Psychologists observe and interpret behaviors in effort to provide further explanation of cause and effect. It is thru the studies of Social Psychology we can learn how to get into the cause and begin to foresee patterns of reactions. A simple yet sophisticated theory.
(Kenrick, 2007). Social psychology studies how people are influenced by specific situations, with attention focused on how people react to and affect one another. It is similar to other disciplines of psychology; sociology, organizational psychology and personality psychology (Myers, 2010). Unlike in these three disciplines, social psychology is much more focused on the behavior observed of one individual in a social setting, rather than the differences that may be observed between individuals in general. Additionally, social psychology does not specifically address behavior within the group, and only focuses on behavior of an individual in a small group of setting, instead of the behavior of this individual in the society as a whole. An individual’s behavior may be shifted based on his or her cultural background, social standing, and pressure to conform to certain social point of view. With this in mind, an individual may shift his or her point of view on certain aspects such as relationships, prejudices, attractions and views on intimacy. Social thinking may be a determining factor in how the individual sees him or herself, and people around him or
Sociology and psychology is the study of the mind and the environment around us which makes us who we are. These theories assist us to understand behaviour from individual and societal levels.
Socialization is the activity of socializing with others and it is the process of learning to behave in the way that is acceptable in society. Socialization and crime walk hand and hand due to the social process theories that hold that criminality is a function of an individual socialization. The theory draws attention to the interactions that people have with various institutions, processes of society and different organizations. Most people are influenced by their familial relationships, interactions with authority figure, peer group associations, and educational experiences, including employers, teachers, and different agents of the justice system. People can succeed within the many rules of society is these relationships are supportive
Introduction to Social Psychology has been an enlightening course that has greatly deepened my understand of individuals and their interaction with others. It has introduced me to ideas that have always been in front of me, I just hadn’t noticed or learned them. Psychology has taught me many things about human interaction, including the importance babies’ eye contact, how we judge others based on information we know about them, dissonance theory, attribution error, and obedience of authority. All of the aforementioned topics affect the way individuals act with one another. The importance that others have on our development cannot be understated. The topics learned in this class have helped explain many life occurrences I was curious about prior
Do we act the same within social interactions as we do when we feel that no one else is looking? Do we conform to society’s standards of what is considered normal behavior? Does our behavior in social interactions depend on a variety of factors ranging from brain chemistry, individual belief’s, cultural influence? We are all influenced by a variety of factors in our social interactions with others. Does the interaction offer us some type of recognition or personal reward? What can we get out of the social gathering that we beneficial to us in the long run?
Huffman (2012) explains that social psychology is a subject which, “studies how other people influence our individual thoughts, feelings and actions” (p. 567). Understanding the way people act around others can be important when society is faced with challenges, and can even help others learn how to reduce conflict with each other.
In life people will come in contact with others, who are from a different background, culture, lifestyle or ethnicity as them, yet still every individual is equal, they’re all humans. As humans, people have the tendency to have their own unique perspectives on the world around them and everything it encounters. Psychologist Gordon Allport (1985), one of the founding fathers of personality psychology, defined social psychology as a discipline in which scientific methods are used in order “to understand and explain how the thought, feeling, and behavior of individuals are influenced by actual, imagined, or implied presence of other human beings” (Cherry).Social psychology involves
The English language is an interesting, yet complex thing. Most of the words can be used interchangeably. Two words –sociology and psychology– have a habit of being used together. In actuality, they are two totally different sciences. While psychology focuses on the process that happens within an individual, sociology focuses on everything that is around the individual. Social happenings that are engrained into a person’s psyche affects them over a long period of time; they are the fundamentals of building human identity. However, to understand society’s impact as a whole, they must look at its impact on themselves.
The term socialization can be defined as the process in which individuals learn the behavioral patterns that are most likely accepted and tolerated in society. This process includes the learning values in which children are taught and they develop the social values of their parents or guardians just by observing them. Socialization occurs from the birth of the individual and continues throughout their life. Socialization is classified as one of the most important process in the family. Of all the major sociological perspectives, symbolic interactionism has probably developed the most detailed theory of socialization, Haralambos, Holborn. Sociology -
There are many explanations for the origins of modern social psychology. It is therefore important to consider that social psychology cannot be traced back to one single source of origin (Burr, 2003). Hence, this is the reason why there are debates of what social psychology is. Allport (1985) described social psychology as the study an individual’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviours which are influenced by the actual, imagines, or implied presence of others. As seen from this definition there is a direct link between social science and the individual psychology (Sewell, 1989). Social psychology cannot be seen as a linear phenomenon. This is because social psychology has been derived from a combination of influences. The development of
Socialization is “the process whereby an individual acquires a personal identity and learns the norms, values, behavior and social skills that are essential appropriate to his or her social environment.” Socialization applies to our daily life and it’s the most important process of human society. Without socialization the human would not be able to take part in group life and develop human characteristics. The world wouldn’t never be organized and everyone would have their own ways of doing thing. The general rules that we follow every day tells us what we should and shouldn’t do and how we should interact in situations. There are always consequences if we violate the rules and everyone recognizes the rules. Individual personality is really important in socialization. As a child, we start to learn and imitate others behavior, and as we get older, we start to understand the social life and accustom to the environment we live in, which can have effects on our personality. Personality refers to the patterns of feeling, thought, and action that characterizes human beings. The experiences we go through in life can change our personality too. Socialization essentially represents the process of learning throughout the life course. The important theories of socialization are defined by Charles Horton Cooley, George Herbert Mead, Erving Goffman, Sigmund Freud and Judith R. Harris. Charles Cooley, George Mead and Erving Goffman mention the importance of the social side of