The Kingdom Of Matthias By Paul E. Johnson And Sean Wilentz

1745 Words Nov 13th, 2016 7 Pages
Sojourner Truth is remembered as an ex-slave who changed her name from Isabella and gave her famous Ain’t I a Woman speech regarding abolition and women’s rights. But before her speech, Truth actively participated in a religious cult and faced a murder charge. Authors Paul E. Johnson and Sean Wilentz provide a descriptive account of the religious cult in their book The Kingdom of Matthias: A Story of Sex and Salvation in 19th-century America. Their book follows the life of Robert Matthews and the events of his life leading up to the creation of his new religion in New York in the 1830s. Robert Matthews started to refer to himself as the prophet Matthias and recruited wealthy families to join his religion where they lived in isolation. American society in the 1830s encountered rapid change with the emergence of the market revolution and the Second Great Awakening. Impacts from the market revolution, the second great awakening, and personal factors led Matthias to create and influenced his own religion which other Americans eventually denounced.
Robert Matthews grew up in New York to Scotland immigrants and attended the Anti-Burgher Secession Church a sect of the Scots Presbyterian Church. The church practiced strict adherence to Calvinist orthodoxy by living and dressing plainly and following a patriarchal model. Orphaned as a child, Matthews resided with a church elder, John Maxwell. After his stay with Maxwell, he moved with Edward Cook who taught him carpentry. A year or…
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