The Kyoto Protocol: An Attempt to Manage Global Warming Essay

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The Kyoto protocol is one of the most important treaties signed in contemporary days. It has great limitations and is yet to evolve to another level, but it addresses an issue that affects not one, two or ten countries – it affects the entire world. That is why countries have to work and cooperate to create a binding legal document that sets specific standards to greenhouse gas emissions. In recent decades we have witnessed a gradual change in our environment. Our planet is heating up very quickly which leads to the so called global warming. Humanity has come to understand that its actions are the cause of this warming. The industries of our industrialized countries emit an enormous amount of green-house gases such as carbon dioxide…show more content…
However, these everyday changes are insignificant when compared to the enormous pollution caused by production facilities of all sorts. This is why the leaders of the most advanced countries have realized that something must be done on a larger scale. Their answer to the issue is the Kyoto Protocol. This protocol is a part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It has been open for signing since December 1997 and is operational since 2005 and currently more than 160 countries have ratified it. It incorporates a number of legally binding commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Countries that have signed the protocol agree to cut their emissions to a level slightly bellow the level in 1990 (there are variations in percentage and base year). The idea is to make a distinction between two levels of countries – Annex 1 and non-Annex 1 countries. Annex 1 countries are considered to be more dangerous to the environment so they have to make specified cuts in their emissions or suffer a penalty. Non-Annex 1 countries are generally developing nations are presuming their economic level is not that high – they are not required to cut emissions, rather to monitor the process and prepare for action. The Kyoto Protocol is only the first step in this direction. What is astonishing is that this is one of the few treaties that has an almost universal participation around the world. Country leaders have recognized the need for a
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