The Labelling Theory Movement Among Criminologist And Sociologists

1594 Words Nov 19th, 2014 7 Pages
INTRODUCTION
Howard Becker is renowned as the person who established the modern labelling theory. Becker also developed the term "moral entrepreneur" to portray the person in power which campaign to make certain deviant behaviour outlawed (Becker, 1963). He suggests that most laws are founded on that basis, and the behaviour that is classified as criminal is ever changing. Thus, the criminal behaviour is impertinent to the labelling theory. What actually matters is which outlaws are arrested and processed by the criminal justice system (Becker, 1963). Due to the belief that societal and personal factors do not kick in as motivations for criminal behaviour, there has been little study of the aforementioned factors. This facet of Labelling Theory is still debated.
Becker’s work has become the focus point of the labelling theory movement among criminologist and sociologists. In his introduction, Becker writes:
"...social groups create deviance by making rules whose infraction creates deviance, and by applying those roles to particular people and labelling them as outsiders. From this point of view, deviance is not a quality of the act the person commits, but rather a consequence of the application by other of rules and sanctions to an 'offender. ' The deviant is one to whom that label has been successfully applied; deviant behaviour is behaviour that people so label."
Society uses the religion to justify its moral action whereas the deviant actor uses it to justify his…
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