The Land Of Israel And Palestine

1478 Words6 Pages
This is a Greek lekythos which is usually used to store ointment, oil, and sometimes adorn graves. This artifact was found in the land of Israel/Palestine. This paper will examine how this object was produced, what kind of style was used in its production and what it meant to individuals at the time. On a larger level, trading objects like this one during the Persian Period represent the strength of local tastes and cultures over nationalistic tensions between Greece and Persia. 2. Introduction The land of Israel/Palestine sits in an important geographic region in the middle-east called “the bottleneck.” Valuable trade routes between major civilizations created a lot of tension in the bottleneck, making this region unstable, yet…show more content…
Production of oil in the land of Israel/Palestine created a need for storing the finished products. Huge pottery operations emerged in order to infiltrate foreign markets all over the Mediterranean basin with beautiful Greek artistry (Oxford Handbook of Engineering, “Ceramic Production”). The Greeks saw a cultural vacuum to influence Persian society and they ran with it. 3. A Lekythos in the Ancient World A lekythos (plural: lekythoi) is a container for oil, ointments, and were sometimes used as offerings for the dead (Folsom, Handbook of Greek Pottery, 175). How did this object come to be? A potter must start with an idea. The shape of the object was good for the careful pouring required when dealing with oil. In starting to fashion this idea, the potter first must grab a large ball of clay and lift up the edges to make the body. Next, the potter places the clay on a pottery wheel and, using various tools, the potter is able to scrape the base and other areas in order to add ridges. The neck is created through a small ball of clay that’s then ripped apart to form a hollow neck and mouth at the top. The potter will flatten the rim and turn the neck to get rid of excess clay. Next, the potter will attach the neck to an open hole on top of t the body. He will then use a sort of place-holder in order to make sure it is applied straight-on. Lastly, the handle will be added. The potter will elongate a pear-shaped piece of clay into a handle with a
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