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The Lasting Effects Of Trauma On A Person 's Body

Decent Essays
The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines trauma as a very difficult or unpleasant experience that causes someone to have mental or emotional problems usually for a long time (Merriam-Webster, Incorporated, 2015). From a medical perspective, trauma is described as severe damage to a person 's body. Trauma can be caused by multiple factors in a person life. Trauma could stem from a distressing experience of a physical or psychological nature. In recent years’ major natural disasters and acts of terrorism have become more prominent and devastating, creating long-lasting traumatic effects in individuals ' lives. Traumatic experiences can occur to anyone regardless of their culture, gender, age, social background or socio-economical status.…show more content…
Health, social and political systems are also in place to support communities in order to deal with life and stressful events. However, when some countries don’t have the accessibility to these types of support, age of the person at which the trauma occurs, the social background, and the support and resources available will all impact the outcome of the person probability of successful recovery. Childhood trauma is a powerful risk factor for developing depression in adulthood, particularly in reaction to additional stress. Epidemiological studies have provided strong evidence that adverse experience during childhood, such as abuse, neglect or loss, is associated with dramatic increases in the risk to develop depression (Heim, Miller, Mletzko, Nemerof, & Newport, 2008). However, trauma is not the only factor that can cause depression during the developmental stages of an individual. Genetic predisposition can also play a role in the development of depression and other mental health diagnoses. The more adverse experiences children are expose to through development the higher the chances are of developing lasting negatives effects. Researchers found that children with two or more adverse experiences were more than 2.5-times more likely to repeat a grade in school as well as be disengaged in school, compared to those without any traumatic experiences, and after adjusting for confounding factors such as race, income and health status
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