The Law Of The Sea

1719 Words Nov 9th, 2016 7 Pages
What do you understand by the ‘Law of the Sea’ in Public International Law? Critically discuss the different principles, mechanisms of the Law of the Sea, and how they are applied.

Law of the Sea
The seas have long-standing recognition as routes linking all parts of the world and as a treasure full of resources. This has given significant rise to established rules. The Law of the Sea central principle is that Land rules over the Sea. A state will have the right on the sea, until a certain distance, according to the parameters of its land territory. This will be the territorial sea which forms part of a state’s area subject to its authority, and any further range will be the high sea. The high seas were not to be appropriated. International law made the high seas one of its main principle. States have been demanding to extend the perimeter of the sea around their coasts to get more of the seas under their jurisdiction. Under these demands, developments in International law have brought about extended zones known as contiguous zone, continental shelf, exclusive economic zone etc. The Law of the sea will govern these characterised zones and see if a state should be entitled to such territorial sea extensions. The change of perception of states towards the seas have led to each state having their own principles which gave rise to clashing principles, this has led to conferences to find a solution to the problem. The conferences eventually led to four conventions on the law of…
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