The Leading Killer Of Women And Men Essay

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Statement of Need The leading killer of women and men remains, myocardial infarctions. In 2012, it accounted for every three out of ten deaths, killing 17.5 million people worldwide (The World Health Organization, n.d.). Myocardial infarctions (MI) stem from the onset of Coronary Heart Disease. Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) occurs when there is a blockage of blood flow to the heart. This blockage, is caused by a build-up of plaque in the heart’s arteries, which ruptures and becomes dislodged forming a blood clot that prevents oxygen- rich blood from reaching the heart. When blood to the heart is reduced this can trigger a myocardial infarction also known as a heart attack. The lack of blood to surrounding tissue in the heart can cause muscle death if not treated promptly and can be fatal (National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d.). The onset of Myocardial infarction (MI) is dependent on several factors and to the extent of which those factors are present. Factors such as physical inactivity, high blood pressure, obesity, high blood glucose, lipid abnormalities, and tobacco use are all known contributors to MI and CHD ("Cardiovascular Disease," 2006). While there are several methods used to help treat myocardial infraction such as surgery, lifestyle changes, and medication, the fundamental treatment methods remain Fibrinolytic Therapy (FT) and Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI). FT, also known as Thrombolytic therapy is the

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