The Legacy Of John Caldwell Calhoun

1555 Words7 Pages
John Caldwell Calhoun was born March 18th, 1782 in Abbeville, South Carolina. In the year 1807, John Calhoun received admission to the South Carolina bar and practiced law. The year after, he was elected into the state legislature of South Carolina, where he served for two years leading to his election to the U.S House of Representatives in the year 1810. In 1817, John Calhoun was appointed as Secretary of War by President Monroe, in which during his term, he made substantial changes to the War Department. Calhoun served two terms as Vice President: in 1825 with John Quincy and in 1829 with Andrew Jackson. In 1832 he quit his Vice President position and returned to South Carolina as a Senator, a position which he held for eleven years. In…show more content…
Then he served as a Senator of Kentucky from the years of 1806 and 1807, and returned to the State House of Representatives, from the years of 1807 until 1809. Henry then returned to the Senate until 1811. Clay became one of the leaders of an anti-British group known as the War Hawks while he was a U.S Representative from 1815 to 1825. After his term as Secretary of State, Henry returned to the U.S Senate from 1831 to 1852. Clay’s recognition as a compromiser originated from his involvement in the Missouri Compromise. Henry’s appointment as the Secretary of State caused controversy. His pursuit for the Presidency in the 1824 election ended with no majority for any of the candidates. Clay supported John Adams instead of Andrew Jackson, which violated the instructions of the Kentucky legislature. Due to the informal precedent that the Secretary of State would eventually assume the presidency, Jackson supporters pictured Clay’s position as Secretary of State as a “corrupt bargain.” Nevertheless, Clay had experience as a diplomat and a goal to pursue as Secretary of State. Clay served in the Peace Commission after the War of 1812 which negotiated the Treaty of Ghent with the British in 1814. As one of the commissioners, Clay urged to keep the British from receiving free navigation on to the Mississippi River. Clay had based his policy plan on the “American System,” dwelling upon the federal support of the national economic development. To that time in history, Clay had

    More about The Legacy Of John Caldwell Calhoun

      Open Document