Question 1: When Zinn refers to industrialists like Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller as “robber barons” he means that those industrialists are taking all the wealth and privileges for themselves and not sharing them with the rest of the country. When Schweikart and Allen refer to the industrialists as “titans of industry” they mean that they revolutionized the way of their industry and made their products cheaper and better and easier to produce.
Rockefeller’s childhood helped mold him into the man he became. He was born in Richford, New York to Eliza Davison Rockefeller and William Avery Rockefeller Sr., a traveling salesman. Being the second of six children, Rockefeller was
Captains of industry were defined as the business leaders whose means of amassing a personal fortune contributed positively to the country or society in some way. Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller were considered to be captains of industry because with their profits from either their steel company or standard oil company, they give back to the society instead of themselves. They believed in the idea that people give in to you, in which you must give out as well. They established many charitable foundations that allowed them to become well known philanthropist and made them distinguishable from the rubber barons.
True, Andrew Carnegie and John D Rockefeller may have been the most influential businessmen of the 19th century, but was the way they conducted business proper? To fully answer this question, we must look at the following: First understand how Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller changed the market of their industries. Second, look at the similarities and differences in how both men achieved domination. Third and lastly, Look at how both men treated their workers and customers in order achieve the most possible profit for their company.
Two of the most well-known and successful companies of the Industrial Revolution were the Standard Oil Company, and the Carnegie Steel Company. Both were exceedingly successful in virtually removing all competition in their respective fields of business and controlling almost all of the production capacity of their respective products in the United States. Their founders, John D. Rockefeller of the Standard Oil Co., and Andrew Carnegie of the Carnegie Steel Co. conducted business practices that were different from one another in how they dealt with competition as seen in the undercutting or cheap type
John D. Rockefeller should be considered a Robber Baron. Rockefeller may be associated with a Robber baron because he used illegal tactics to create a strong oil company. The most uncertain things of all his success was how he got it. John was getting discounts from other railroad companies which made them suspicious of him. Which as you could see would be a disadvantage to other oil companies that were in competition with them. Rockefeller's competition found this practice and others he did to be funny which is why he was considered a robber baron by many people. Rockefeller owned basically the entire oil industry at the same time when he bought out the other oil businesses. Rockefeller workers barely made income, he always shortened their pay which made them stop working for him. The workers felt that if they were working hard they should get paid what they deserved. So even with him being one of the richest man alive who donated money to different business such as schools, churches and etc he used different unfair advantages to accomplish his success.
John D. Rockefeller Senior is one of the most famous industrialists to date. His fame is well deserved, through decades of hard work that brought prosperity to the American petroleum industry. Rockefeller has been called philanthropist, "great man" 1 "industrial statesman , robber baron" , thief and other titles of both pleasant and unpleasant nature. His ways of conducting business brought him fame, fortune, and a lawsuit that broke up the Standard Oil Company. Despite these questionable business practices, John D. Rockefeller and the Standard Oil Company greatly contributed to the economy, and the well-being of the United States and its people. "The life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr., was marked to an exceptional degree by silence,
John Davison Rockefeller was born in Richford, New York on July 8, 1839. His family moved to Cleveland, Ohio when he was 14. As a teenager, Rockefeller did many small business jobs, getting his first office job at 16 as an assistant bookkeeper at Hewitt and Tuttle, who were merchants and produce shippers. He did well as all of his jobs, so at the age of 20, a business partner and he started working as merchants, selling meats, grains, hay, and other various things. After just one year, that company earned 450,000 dollars. Rockefeller felt there was a good opportunity in the oil business in the early 1860’s. So, he started his own oil refinery in Cleveland in 1863. By 1865, it was the largest refinery in the area.
Both George Eastman and John Rockefeller also donated a plethora of money to multiple charities making them philanthropists. For instance George Eastman donated money to kids who couldn't afford dental work, and he gave away scholarships to the Massentusats Institute of technology. Also he gave scholarships to Tuskegee Institute for African AMericans who wanted to get an education. Likewise Rockefeller also donated money towards education. For instance he created the University of Chicago and the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research. Both of which received over $50 million dollars from him alone. Rockefeller also founded the General Education Board which he donated another $50 million dollars to. George Eastman and John D. Rockefeller could have used their money on themselves but instead used their surplus of cash on charities. This just proves the fact that George Eastman and John D. Rockefeller were captains of industry because they were innovators and
A "robber baron" was someone who employed any means necessary to enrich themselves at the expense of their competitors. Did John D. Rockefeller fall into that category or was he one of the "captains of industry", whose shrewd and innovative leadership brought order out of industrial chaos and generated great fortunes that enriched the public welfare through the workings of various philanthropic agencies that these leaders established? In the early 1860s Rockefeller was the founder of the Standard Oil Company, who came to epitomize both the success and excess of corporate capitalism. His company was based in northwestern Pennsylvania.
Rockefeller was an intelligent man who sought for better means in order to increase productivity. He used the opportunities of the time to take advantage of a free system. One of his best characteristics was that he lowered the cost of oil across the word by his largest scale production. To see that his oil was top quality at minimum cost he also hired specialist managers, this was a revolutionary concept at the time.
In the late 1800’s, George Eastman, John D. Rockefeller, and Andrew Carnegie were all Captains of Industry because they all donated large sums of money to support different charities. John D. Rockefeller was into donating money to institutes for medical research. Rockefeller eventually donated $50 million dollars to the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research so it could help try to cure diseases, give people health checks and develop medicines(reading). Andrew Carnegie gave money to help build libraries and public education. Carnegie gave away $350 million dollars to build 2,500+ libraries(reading). George Eastman was always a kind-hearted man. From when he got his first paying job, to being one of the greatest people in his industry,
The United States has come to be known as a major world superpower throughout history. One of the main parts of America that has contributed to its renowned strength has been its economy. The United State’s economy has been growing ever since it began. Credit for its strength and progress in development can be attributed to the financial geniuses of their time. John D. Rockefeller became an economical giant during his time when he changed the face of business by developing ground-breaking new strategies to ensure financial success. Rockefeller dramatically changed the business field during The Gilded Age. He did so through the use of his social Darwinistic philosophy of capitalism, inclusion of vertical and horizontal integration,
A man obsessed with process, however, Rockefeller didn’t just hand his money to those who were poor, but rather he focused on developing a good system of giving away money so that it would create the most good in the world. He focused on funding education as much as he could, investing money into the founding of the Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary as well as granting 80 million dollars to the University of Chicago. Science and medicine were important to him as well, as he founded the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in 1901. Its mission was to figure out what was causing diseases and how to stop them. Thanks to the existence of the Institute, many breakthroughs in medical science were made.
John D. Rockefeller was born July 8, 1839 in New York. He was a married man with a total of 5 kids with one of them dying at birth. His wife 's name was Laura S. Rockefeller and he married her in 1864. He always had a business mindset and he never strayed from hard work, he actually thrived on it. Even at a young age he started working harder than anyone in the room. This along with his natural talent for the business world made him a top competitor in any job he was willing to take on. Before Rockefeller had even had a job before he had walked around to local businesses and tried showing his potential and tried landing a job. He was turned down time after time but this did not