The Legacy Of The American Civil War

1110 Words5 Pages
The American Civil War was the result of decades of sectional tensions between the North and South. Over the next several months eleven southern states seceded and formed the Confederate States of America. During the first two years of the war, Southern troops won numerous victories, but saw their fortunes turned after losses at Gettysburg and Vicksburg in 1863. From then on, Northern forces worked to conqueror the South, forcing them to surrender in April 1865. The roots of the Civil War can be traced to increasing differences between the North and the South and their growing divergence as the 19th century progressed. Among the issues were expansion of slavery into the territories, the South 's declining political power, states’ rights,…show more content…
On the 21st, they met a Confederate army near Manassas and were defeated. Following the defeat at Bull Run, Major General George McClellan was given command of the new Union Army of the Potomac. In early 1862, he shifted south to attack Richmond through the Peninsula. Moving slowly, he was forced to retreat after the Seven Days Battles. This campaign saw the rise of Confederate General Robert E. Lee. After beating a Union army at Manassas, Lee began to move north into Maryland. McClellan was sent to intercept and won a victory at Antietam on the 17th. Unhappy with McClellan 's slow pursuit of Lee, Lincoln gave command to Major General Ambrose Burnside. In December, Burnside was beaten at Fredericksburg and replaced by Major General Joseph Hooker. The following May, Lee engaged and defeated Hooker at Chancellorsville, VA. In February 1862, forces under General Ulysses S. Grant captured Forts Henry & Donelson. Two months later he defeated a Confederate army at Shiloh, TN. On April 29, Union naval forces captured New Orleans. To the east, Confederate General Braxton Bragg attempted to invade Kentucky, but was repelled at Perryville on October 8. That December he was beaten again at Stones River, TN. Grant now focused his attention on capturing Vicksburg and opening the Mississippi River. After a false start, his troops swept through Mississippi on May 18, 1863. In June of that same year, Lee began to move north towards
Open Document