The Legal Drinking Age Should Not Be Lowered

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Debates related to the legal age of alcohol consumption have been going on for many years. While some feel that 21 should remain as the legal minimum consumption age, others disagree. By examining different aspects of alcohol consumption such as social motives and health related concerns one is more able to fully grasp the role that alcohol plays in our society. Through research and analyzation one can come to the conclusion that a lowered legal drinking age is not the answer. The legal drinking age should not be lowered to 18 because the history of alcohol in the United States, culture of intoxication, and negative effects of alcohol consumption show that a lowered drinking age would not benefit society. The legalization of alcohol in the United States dates back to 1836 when the first national temperance society was formed. The idea behind this society was based on prohibition rather than just temperance. This party helped spread ideals on prohibition throughout the country. In 1919 the 18th amendment was passed which prohibited the sale of alcohol throughout the country. As a result, crime rate spiked and increased alcohol consumption took place throughout the country. Rather than going to saloons people would go to speak-easies to avoid legal confrontation. Chammie Austin, author of The Western Journal of Black Studies, states that “approximately only five percent of smuggled liquor was hindered from coming into the country in the 1920s.” Austin continued saying that
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