The Legal Environment: Equal Employment Opportunity and Safety

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The Legal Environment: Equal Employment Opportunity and Safety

Chapter Summary

The legal environment is one of the critical environmental factors that affects the management of people. This chapter first describes the U.S. legal system, including the legislative bodies, regulatory agencies, and judicial bodies whose decisions affect the legality of HRM practices. Major laws and executive orders, particularly those pertaining to elements of discrimination, are then reviewed. Four theories of discrimination are presented along with court case examples. Next, sexual harassment and the Americans with Disabilities Act are discussed. Finally, the chapter reviews what policies and practices employers may develop regarding employee
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2. The U.S. Court of Appeals hears appeals from the district courts.

3. The Supreme Court serves as the court of final appeal; its decisions may be overturned only through legislation.

III. Equal employment opportunity refers to the government’s attempt to ensure that all individuals have an equal chance for employment, regardless of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin (see Table 3.1 in the text and TM 3.1 for a summary of EEO laws).

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|Competing through Globalization: Germany Sends Vietnamese Workers Home |
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|This box discusses the situation in unified Germany that concerns the potential expulsion of nearly 40,000 Vietnamese workers |
|brought to Germany by the East German government when there were not enough workers and the economy was booming. With the growth|
|of rightist nationalist feelings and too few jobs, pressure to send these particular non-Germans home has mounted. |

A. Constitutional Amendments

1. The Thirteenth Amendment of the Constitution abolished slavery in the United States.

2. The Fourteenth
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