The Legal Position And Right Of Residents

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3.3B SECURITY OF TENURE The legal position and right of residents in different tenures vary considerably. Both owner occupiers and social renters have significant legal rights that are not usually available to tenants in the PRS (Tenure Trends in the UK Housing System, 2010). As mentioned previously, at about the start of the 20th century during the First World War, rent controls were put in place to limit the initial rent that a landlord could charge as well as any subsequent increase in response to housing shortages. The Rents Act 1915 was passed to provide security of tenure and to restrict rents in the PRS and remained in play for most of the 20th century. The rent acts contributed as a significant interference with the property…show more content…
Though around the middle of the 20th century where security of tenure was still strong in the PRS, there were scurrilous landlords that would evict tenants unlawfully, a prime example being Peter Rachman, he was known for his exploitation and intimidation of his tenants. In response to the Rachman scandal the Eviction Act 1964 was passed in an attempt to deal with similar problems. The PRS underwent a mini revival during the 1990s due to a combinations of factors, such as changes to tenancy arrangement in the 1988 and 1996 Housing acts, the availability of housing benefits and the state of home owning market (Stuart Lowe, 2004). With the introduction of the Assured Short hold Tenancy (AST) in the Housing Act 1988, granted the landlord the right to guaranteed possession after the initial six month period, in other words giving landlords stronger rights. The Housing Act 1996 furthered strengthened a landlord’s position by making AST the default tenancy except expressed. The Act defines several criteria for an AST to be set up e.g. the property must be set as separate accommodation, the property must be the tenant’s main home, the tenant should be an individual, thus there are uncertainties that the AST’s lack of security creates long-term problems for tenants. Therefore a landlord may choose to evict the
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