The Liberal Conception Of Social Justice

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Social Justice

==========In a review of literature one finds a number of different, competing theories of social justice. At base, they all seem to address the notion of privilege, and what one is entitled to based on their conduct in society (for different reasons, depending on the theory). Some of the more prominent conceptions of distributive justice would be Liberal, Libertarian, Laissez-faire, regulated capitalism, and rejected capitalism.

==========The liberal conception of social justice, provided by Rawls, presumes that, fundamentally, the disparity between classes should be reduced over time. Justice is fairness, in other words, and seeking justice or establishing “just” social policies requires a levelling/equalizing of advantages and privileges between people in their society. Social order cannot favor those with privilege.

==========The Libertarian conception, provided by Nozick, looks at justice as a process of aquiring property and materials. It likewise assumes one has a fundamental right and liberty to pursue life and property, though not in some wholly unregulated manner, unlike the Laissez-Faire notion, as provided by Hayek. For Laissez-Faire, the market, free from the influence of the law actually, gives everyone a chance to reduce their own poverty and live more equivalently with others. Its regulation and restriction that creates the ground for injustice.

==========In addition to these, there is the view of regulated capitalism, as Championed
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