The Homeric Hymn to Demeter tells the story of Demeter, the goddess of fertility of grain. Demeter has a daughter with Zeus by the name of Persephone. The hymn explains the strong bond between Demeter and Persephone and how distraught Demeter is when her daughter is abducted. This traumatic event causes Demeter to live among mortal men disguised as an old woman and withdraw the fertility of the earth. In this paper, I will examine how the Homeric Hymn to Demeter operates as a charter myth, or narrative that explains modern practices, and how successful the hymn is in conveying the modern practice.
Demeter’s inability to rescue her daughter from Hades’ clutches diminishes the power of female will. She is unable to even discover where her daughter is until Helius, a male god, takes pity on her and tells her what has happened (The Homeric Hymn to Demeter 70-77). The image of the matriarchy is not good enough to solve her own problems and must rely on a man to do so for her. Again, this sentiment is echoed towards the end of the story, when Zeus is the one to rescind his order to Hades. This order is given under duress, but the fact that Demeter must once again rely on a male god to rescue her child is an obvious depiction of male dominance
Even though Zeus really messes up in Hymn to Demeter by giving Persephone to Hades to be his wife and queen of the underworld, Zeus is still being looked over as a prominent and well-respected god. There are many examples of Zeus’s prominence in Hymn to Demeter, but the example that stands out the most is when Zeus is first being described in the beginning of the Hymn. When the story begins talking about the main characters of the myth, Zeus is first spoken about where it says, “She was given away by Zeus, the loud-thunderer, the one who sees far and wide” (Nagy:3). Being described as someone “who sees far and wide,” the prominence of Zeus within this story is shown. To be someone who is able to perceive in an amount such as this means that he is a god with a lot of prominence. Comparing Zeus to the other characters being described in the beginning of the Hymn, Zeus is the only one being shown with this immense statement of importance. In Hesiod’s Theogony, Zeus is also a famous and powerful figure. This is seen when Zeus is referred to as “aegis-bearing Zeus” or even “mighty Zeus” (Hesiod: 25-29). To describe Zeus in this manner means that Zeus is a well-known and prominent figure within the story. If he were not so prominent, Zeus would have to be explained in a thorough manner, but this is not the case. Although prominent in both Homeric Hymn to Demeter and Hesiod’s
In the Demeter and Persephone myth, Demeter is represented as a quite powerful goddess of nature, she possess the ability to bring down her full wrath and vengeance among mankind when she threats Zeus to get her daughter back. The Greeks recognized women’s ultimate connection to the earth and the power that arose from it however they also display significant amounts of an inferiority complex towards women. While the Greeks exemplify their fear towards the powerful Demeter they turn the tables and force their controlling views onto Persephone and she then becomes a rag doll and taken against her will. Persephone represents the beauty of nature and how the Greeks saw nature as two sided, both good and bad. Hades represented death and decay while Persephone represented vitality and life. However, they were threatened by woman’s connection nature and the power to create new life, similarly to Demeter’s connection with growing new crops both represent birth and regeneration. Even though Demeter did have control over whether or not mankind would starve it would not make a difference since Persephone still ate that pomegranate seed and was forced to go back to the underworld. This poses the idea that men had to control women as men had to control nature, similarly to the Norse Mythology. However the Greeks unlike the Norse recognized women’s power but are
The Goddess Persephone was a very beautiful and well worshiped goddess, she was loved by all, do to how she was very kind and caring as well as being able to bring warmth to the earth also known as spring. Persephone is the daughter of Zeus the king of all gots and the daughter of Demeter the goddess of the harvest. Indeed she was very beautiful, or at least enough to catch the eye of the ruler of the underworld. He then fell instantly in love with her and knew he had to have her. So he devised a plan to take her as his own. One day Persephone was picking flowers for her mother Demeter when she noticed a beautiful scent and decide to follow it. After wandering off from the field she looked up at birds fluttering and suddenly the sky began to
Now that you know the myth of Persephone, you can understand why it’s a conflict of interest. Some will view Hades kidnapping her and taking her away from her mother as horrible. Others justify it as okay since she learned to love him after a period of time and her mother had refused to let her leave her side. It’s all a very questioning topic, however the main idea of the myth is that the love between a mother and daughter will conquer all challenges they face. This concludes the myth of Persephone, and how she became the queen of the
Hades is one of the brothers of Zeus. He is the unlucky one who got to rule the underworld. He is cruel and unforgiving. Only two have ever gone to Hades domain and returned, Hercules and Odysseus. Hades fell in love with Zeus’s daughter and devised a plan to abduct her. With Zeus’s help they succeeded in the capture of Persephone. Her mother Demeter was so enraged she cursed the Earth. She continued the curse even after she was released. It was only after her mother Rhea was allowed to see her that she let the Earth prosper (message).
Demeter looked for her daughter for months, but tired and sad she sat on a rock for 9 days and nights. Looking as a sad old woman a farmer 's daughter asked for why 's she was sitting on the rock alone. Her father begging his daughter to come back, then the goddess spoke.
The Rape of Persephone began as a simple story of peace and unchanging atmosphere. Demeter, goddess of the earth, agriculture and fertility in general, withheld her gifts from the earth in an act of isolation and depression once she lost Persephone. Before tragedy struck, she was loved by all for providing a climate for crops to flourish year round.Persephone held the sweetest disposition and was admired by all who knew her- including the God of the dead, Hades. However, unbenounced to her and her mother, her father Zeus had agreed to the turmoil that would soon ensue. As Persephone quested for the most enchanting flower, Hades, “the lord of the dark underworld, the king of the multitudinous dead, carried her off underneath the earth, driving a
The Homeric Hymn to Demeter addresses the fate of Persephone is in the hands of others and is removed from freedom of choice as she is portrayed as a minor. In effect, it is symbolic of the power family holds as the actions of her mother, her father Zeus and her husband Hades determine her path. The text accustoms nickname Persephone throughout the passage as the ‘Core’, the ‘Girl’, or ‘Virgin’. These nicknames assume her role as an underage girl not responsible for her life decisions. The Hymn begins with highlighting the role of the patriarch in a family Zeus as both the head of the family and the other gods who must defer to him as he arranges Hades to take Persephone against her will. As Demeter struggles with the mourn and loss of her child she begins to abandon her reproduction responsibilities and Persephone is ordered to go to the side of your dark robed mother. However, Hades persuades Persephone to eat pomegranate seeds, representing the loss of her innocence as it spiritually bounds her to Hades. Zeus accustomed to be acknowledges as the father of justice and good government rectifies the issue with the arrangement that Persephone remains with Hades however returns to her mother and the Gods for 2 thirds of the year. The Fate of Persephone portrays the common marriage cycle that pertained in Ancient Greece whereby it held the connotation of death for the maiden and submission and adaptation into their Fathers orders.
(AGG)The greek goddess Demeter had a daughter, Persephone, who was kidnapped by Hades, she was brought to the underworld, “Persephone was kidnapped by Hades and brought down to the underworld. Demeter searched desperately everywhere for the maiden but could not find her”(Cartwright), Demeter’s loss of her daughter gave her a goal, but she was impacted and she became sad because she did not have her daughter by her side every day.
(AGG)The greek goddess Demeter had a daughter,Persephone, who was kidnapped by Hades,she was brought to the underworld, “Persephone was kidnapped by Hades and brought down to the underworld. Demeter searched desperately everywhere for the maiden but could not find her”,Demeter’s loss of her daughter gave her a goal but she was impacted and she became sad because she did not have her daughter by her side everyday.
Demeter was the daughter of Cronus and Rhea. Cronus would be deposed by one of his children. In order to prevent this, he swallowed each one as they were born. Rhea was unhappy about this and saved her last child Zeus, and gave a rock for Cronus to swallow. When Zeus grew up, Rhea persuaded Cronus to swallow an emetic and he regurgitated all the children, including Demeter, who were all full grown.
Demeter was one of many goddesses of Olympia. She was the goddess of corn, grain, and harvest and was a daughter of Cronus and Rhea. She had much importance to Greek mythology as she was also known as the goddess of the earth.
In this essay we will be studying the Homeric Hymns, including the Hymn to Apollo, to Hermes, and to Aphrodite, with particular emphasis on the Hymn to Demeter. Although he Homeric Hymns are of unknown authorship and differ widely in date, the Hymns that we will be focused on, are generally thought to have been composed between the 7th and 5th centuries BC (citation). The Hymn to Demeter is unlike the other Homeric Hymns in that Demeter refuses to submit to Zeus, and channels her own authority through her gift of fertility; Demeter displays power as a Goddess through her motherhood, not in spite of it, and affronts the