The Life and Theories of Abraham Maslow Essay

2561 Words 11 Pages
Humanistic psychology is the field of psychology which holds the beliefs that people can control their own behavior and that people naturally strive to reach their full potential (Feldman, 2009). Humanistic psychology discards the notion that neither biological processes nor environment are the underlying cause of human behavior, and instead states that humans attempt to innately endeavor their full potential. A prominent factor in humanistic psychology is free will. In opposition of determinism, which states that every event, including every human decision and action, is inevitable, free will states that individuals have the authority to make decisions over their life. Additionally, humanistic psychology holds the notion that people have …show more content…
In order to please his parents, Maslow first studied law at the City College of New York. He then transferred to Cornell, and then back to the City College of New York. After marrying, he and his new wife, Bertha, moved to Wisconsin where Maslow attended the University of Wisconsin. It was here that Maslow found his true passion; Psychology. At the University of Wisconsin, Maslow went on to flourish in his studies, and was able to work with Harry Harlow. Maslow received his Bachelors of Arts in Psychology in 1930, his Master of Arts in Psychology in 1931, and his PhD in Psychology in 1934, all from the University of Wisconsin. After receiving his PhD, Maslow and his wife moved back to New York, where Maslow worked with E.L. Thorndike at Columbia. Later, Maslow began teaching full time at Brooklyn College, during which time he made many acquaintances in the field of Psychology such as Alfred Adler, Karen Horney, and Erich Fromm. From 1951 to 1969, Maslow worked as the head of the psychology department at Brandeis. During this time he met Kurt Goldstein, who first introduced the idea of self-actualization. On June 8, 1970, Maslow unfortunately suffered and died from a heart attack in California (Boeree, 2006).

Hierarchy of Needs Theory Maslow is perhaps most known for his hierarchy of needs theory. This theory states that certain needs take priority over others. For instance, if someone is in need of shelter and are thirsty, they will look for water
Open Document