The Life of Henry Knox

836 Words Mar 9th, 2011 4 Pages
The life of Henry Knox

Early Life
Henry Knox was born on July 25, 1750 in Boston, Massachusetts. He was the seventh of ten children to William Knox and Mary Knox. In 1759 William Knox a migrant captain died at the age of fifty after suffering financial difficulties. Three years after the death of his father and at the age of twelve, Henry Knox was forced to leave the “Boston Latin Grammar school” and went to work to support his family. He was hired as a apprentice to a bookseller were he mastered the trade and opened his own shop, “The London Book Store” at the age of 21. Henry was an enthusiastic reader and spend his time reading about military topics focusing on artillery.
In 1770 Knox was involved in the Sons of
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The guns and mortars were then transferred by ox- drawn sleds across Massachusetts. This process took them fifty-six days to complete this journey in the bitter winter weather. When they arrived in Boston, Washington place the guns on top of Dorchester Heights which commanded the city and harbor. Rather than face bombardment, the British evacuated the city on March 17, 1776 .After the victory at Boston, Knox was sent to Rhode Island and Connecticut to supervise the construction of fortifications.
After the return of the Continental army, Knox became Washington’s chief of artillery. That fall
Knox was present during the American defeat around New York , Knox retreated across New
Jersey in December with what was left of the army. Knox was made overseer of the army’s crossing of the Delaware river during the attack on Trenton. With the assistance of Colonel John
Glover, Knox successfully completed the crossing on time. After his success Knox was promoted to Brigadier General. During the winter break, Knox returned to Massachusetts with a plan to improve weapons production. He traveled to Springfield armory and became a key producer of American weapons for almost two centuries. In the winter at Valley Forge, Knox helped in securing supplies and assisted Baron von Steuben in drilling the troops. For the next two years, Knox was sent north to secure supplies for army and in 1780 served on the court- martial of British spy Major John Andre.
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