The Life of Jean-Paul Sartre

Decent Essays
Existentialism could be defined as a philosophical theory that focuses on the individual person being a free and responsible person who determines his or her own development through acts of will. Existentialism is a thesis that has been discussed by some of the greatest philosophical minds ever to live. Minds such as Kierkegaard and Nietzsche all had their own view on what existentialism was and major impact on the development of this thesis. Each of these philosophies played a huge influence on a great mind that would come later on in history. That was the mind of Jean-Paul Sartre. Sartre, who is considered one of the great philosophical minds, based many of his ideas around the idea of existentialism and phenomenology.…show more content…
("Jean-Paul Sartre") As a boy, Sartre received much of his early education from tutors. In 1924, Jean-Paul Sartre started studying at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. (Media) He graduated in 1929 with a doctorate in Philosophy. (Channel) With the help of a stipend from the Institut Francais, Jean-Paul Sartre was able to study the philosophies of Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger in Berlin, Germany. Husserl and Heidegger were both philosophers whose beliefs were centered on existentialism and phenomenology. Both are subjects Sartre expressed in many of his writing and plays. In 1931, Sartre became a Professor of Philosophy at Le Havre. He would later teach at Laon until he eventually became a professor at the Lycée Pasteur in Paris from 1937 to 1939. (Media) Sartre had many famous works that bolstered him up to the top ranks of philosophers. Sartre's first novel, Nausea, 1938, and the collection of stories called The Wall and other Stories, 1938, brought him immediate recognition and success. They dramatically express Sartre's early existentialist themes of alienation and commitment, and of salvation through art. His central philosophical work, Being and Nothingness, 1943, is an essay on Phenomenological Ontology. (Media) The overall reason Sartre wrote Being and the Nothingness was to demonstrate that free will exists. (Levy) Another one of Sartre’s
Get Access